- A.2d.1: Suppose a black box computer program gives values of a function fx ...
- A.2d.2: Derive Equation A.2-1.
Solutions for Chapter A.2d: ITERATIVE SOLUTION OF NONLINEAR ALGEBRAIC EQUATIONS
Full solutions for Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 4th Edition
An elimination reaction in which a proton from the beta (b) position is removed together with the leaving group, forming a double bond.
Bond dissociation enthalpy
The amount of energy required to break a bond into two radicals in the gas phase at 25°C, A!B !> A• 1 •B
A substance (molecule or ion) that acts as a proton donor. (Section 16.2)
The quantity of solute present in a given quantity of solvent or solution. (Section 4.5)
Confi gurational isomers
Isomers that differ by the confi guration of substituents on an atom. Refers to the arrangement of atoms about a stereocenter
critical pressure (Pc).
The minimum pressure necessary to bring about liquefaction at the critical temperature. (11.8)
A solid that possesses rigid and long-range order; its atoms, molecules, or ions occupy specific positions. (11.4)
A process during which a protein unfolds under conditions of mild heating.
The angle by which two groups are separated in a Newman projection.
The negative charge carried by an electron; it has a magnitude of 1.602 * 10-19 C. (Section 2.3)
Faraday constant (F )
The magnitude of charge of one mole of electrons: 96,500 C>mol. (Section 20.5)
CFCs that were heavily used for a wide variety of commercial applications, including as refrigerants, as propellants, in the production of foam insulation, as fire-fighting materials, and many other useful applications.
The addition of water.
Compounds that contain only carbon, fluorine, and hydrogen (no chlorine).
Radiation that has sufficient energy to remove an electron from a molecule, thereby ionizing it. (Section 21.9)
An ion or molecule that coordinates to a metal atom or to a metal ion to form a complex. (Section 23.2)
nonmetallic elements (nonmetals)
Elements in the upper right corner of the periodic table; nonmetals differ from metals in their physical and chemical properties. (Section 2.5)
A device that measures the rotation of plane-polarized light caused by optically active compounds.
A chemical entity with an unpaired electron.
Z (Section 5.2C)
From the German, zusammen, meaning opposite. Specifi es that groups of higher priority on the carbons of a double bond are on the same side