- Chapter 1: A Review of General Chemistry
- Chapter 10: Alkynes
- Chapter 11: Radical Reactions
- Chapter 12: Synthesis
- Chapter 13: Alcohols and Phenols
- Chapter 14: Ethers and Epoxides; Thiols and Sulfides
- Chapter 15: Infrared Spectroscopy and Mass Spectrometry
- Chapter 16: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
- Chapter 17: Conjugated Pi Systems and Pericyclic Reactions
- Chapter 18: Aromatic Compounds
- Chapter 19: Aromatic Substitution Reactions
- Chapter 2: Molecular Representations
- Chapter 20: Aldehydes and Ketones
- Chapter 21: Carboxylic Acids and Their Derivatives
- Chapter 22: Alpha Carbon Chemistry: Enols and Enolates
- Chapter 23: Amines
- Chapter 24: Carbohydrates
- Chapter 25: Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins
- Chapter 26: Lipids
- Chapter 27: Synthetic Polymers
- Chapter 3: Acids and Bases
- Chapter 4: Alkanes and Cycloalkanes
- Chapter 5: Stereoisomerism
- Chapter 6: Chemical Reactivity and Mechanisms
- Chapter 7: Substitution Reactions
- Chapter 8: Alkenes: Structure and Preparation via Elimination Reactions
- Chapter 9: Addition Reactions of Alkenes
Organic Chemistry, - Standalone Book 2nd Edition - Solutions by Chapter
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, - Standalone Book | 2nd Edition
For a substituted aromatic ring, the effect of an electron-donating substituent that increases the rate of electrophilic aromatic substitution.
A carbohydrate that contains an aldehyde group.
alpha (a) rays.
Helium ions with a positive charge of 12. (2.2)
An atom or group of atoms bearing a negative charge.
An equilibrium property measured by the position of equilibrium in an acid-base reaction, as, for example, the acid-base reaction between ammonia and water.
In 13C NMR spectroscopy, a technique in which all 13C!1H splitting is suppressed with the use of two rf transmitters.
Tables of data on absorption patterns of functional groups.
Compounds containing only covalent bonds. (9.4)
A procedure for preparing a less concentrated solution from a more concentrated solution. (4.5)
The expression that describes the relationship among the concentrations (or partial pressures) of the substances present in a system at equilibrium. The numerator is obtained by multiplying the concentrations of the substances on the product side of the equation, each raised to a power equal to its coefficient in the chemical equation. The denominator similarly contains the concentrations of the substances on the reactant side of the equation. (Section 15.2)
Spin-spin coupling that occurs between nonequivalent H atoms bonded to the same C atom. The H atoms are generally nonequivalent owing to restricted bond rotation in the molecule
Heterolytic bond cleavage
Cleavage of a bond so that one fragment retains both electrons and the other retains none.
Protons that are interchangeable by rotational symmetry.
A compound with the structure R!C#C!R, where each R group is not a hydrogen atom.
A substance that does not ionize in water and consequently gives a nonconducting solution. (Section 4.1)
A C6H5 group.
Common leaving groups. Examples include tosylate, mesylate, and triflate ions.
van der Waals forces
A group of intermolecular attractive forces including dipole-dipole, dipole-induced dipole, and induced dipole-induced dipole (dispersion) forces
A process that involves the removal of a carbon atom from an aldose. The aldehyde group is first converted to a cyanohydrin, followed by loss of HCN in the presence of a base.
A neutral molecule with positive and negative charges on adjacent atoms
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