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Solutions for Chapter 19: Aromatic Substitution Reactions

Organic Chemistry,  - Standalone Book | 2nd Edition | ISBN: 9781118452288 | Authors: David R. Klein

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, - Standalone Book | 2nd Edition

ISBN: 9781118452288

Organic Chemistry,  - Standalone Book | 2nd Edition | ISBN: 9781118452288 | Authors: David R. Klein

Solutions for Chapter 19: Aromatic Substitution Reactions

Solutions for Chapter 19
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Textbook: Organic Chemistry, - Standalone Book
Edition: 2
Author: David R. Klein
ISBN: 9781118452288

Since 93 problems in chapter 19: Aromatic Substitution Reactions have been answered, more than 233935 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 19: Aromatic Substitution Reactions includes 93 full step-by-step solutions. Organic Chemistry, - Standalone Book was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781118452288. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, - Standalone Book, edition: 2. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • a-Helix

    A type of secondary structure in which a section of polypeptide chain coils into a spiral, most commonly a right-handed spiral.

  • acid.

    A substance that yields hydrogen ions (H1) when dissolved in water. (2.7)

  • Acylium ion

    A resonance-stabilized cation with the structure [RC"O]1 or [ArC"O]1. The positive charge is delocalized over both the carbonyl carbon and the carbonyl oxygen.

  • alcohol.

    An organic compound containing the hydroxyl group —OH. (24.4)

  • anti-coplanar

    A conformation in which a hydrogen atom and a leaving group are separated by a dihedral angle of exactly 180°.

  • Base peak

    The peak caused by the most abundant ion in a mass spectrum; the most intense peak. It is assigned an arbitrary intensity of 100

  • chemical equilibrium

    A state of dynamic balance in which the rate of formation of the products of a reaction from the reactants equals the rate of formation of the reactants from the products; at equilibrium the concentrations of the reactants and products remain constant. (Section 4.1;Chapter 15: Introduction)

  • chemical formula

    A notation that uses chemical symbols with numerical subscripts to convey the relative proportions of atoms of the different elements in a substance. (Section 2.6)

  • denatured protein.

    Protein that does not exhibit normal biological activities. (25.3)

  • double bond

    A covalent bond involving two electron pairs. (Section 8.3)

  • Homotopic groups

    Atoms or groups on an atom that give an achiral molecule when one of the groups is replaced by another group. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of propane, for example, are homotopic. Replacing either one of them with deuterium gives 2-deuteropropane, which is achiral. Homotopic groups have identical chemical shifts under all conditions

  • Hybrid orbital

    An orbital formed by the combination of two or more atomic orbitals.

  • lone pair

    A pair of unshared, or nonbonding, electrons.

  • metal complex

    An assembly of a metal ion and the Lewis bases bonded to it. (Section 23.2)

  • photon

    The smallest increment (a quantum) of radiant energy; a photon of light with frequency n has an energy equal to hn. (Section 6.2)

  • prostaglandins

    Lipids that contain 20 carbon atoms and are characterized by a five-membered ring with two side chains.

  • racemic mixture

    A mixture of equal amounts of the dextrorotatory and levorotatory forms of a chiral molecule. A racemic mixture will not rotate the plane of polarized light. (Section 23.4)

  • Reactive intermediate

    A high-energy species formed between two successive reaction steps, that lies in an energy minimum between the two transition states

  • silicates

    Compounds containing silicon and oxygen, structurally based on SiO4 tetrahedra. (Section 22.10)

  • Tertiary structure of proteins

    The three-dimensional arrangement in space of all atoms in a single polypeptide chain.