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Solutions for Chapter 7: Periodic Properties of the Elements

Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780321696724 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition

ISBN: 9780321696724

Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780321696724 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward

Solutions for Chapter 7: Periodic Properties of the Elements

Solutions for Chapter 7
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Textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science
Edition: 12
Author: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward
ISBN: 9780321696724

Chemistry: The Central Science was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321696724. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 12. Chapter 7: Periodic Properties of the Elements includes 112 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 112 problems in chapter 7: Periodic Properties of the Elements have been answered, more than 193217 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Aromatic compound

    A term used initially to classify benzene and its derivatives. More accurately, it is used to classify any compound that meets the Hückel criteria for aromaticity (Section 21.2A).

  • chain-growth polymer

    A polymer that is formed under conditions in which the monomers do not react directly with each other, but rather, each monomer is added to the growing chain, one at a time.

  • Charles’s law

    A law stating that at constant pressure, the volume of a given quantity of gas is proportional to absolute temperature. (Section 10.3)

  • chemical equation.

    An equation that uses chemical symbols to show what happens during a chemical reaction. (3.7)

  • collision model

    A model of reaction rates based on the idea that molecules must collide to react; it explains the factors influencing reaction rates in terms of the frequency of collisions, the number of collisions with energies exceeding the activation energy, and the probability that the collisions occur with suitable orientations. (Section 14.5)

  • crystallization.

    The process in which dissolved solute comes out of solution and forms crystals. (12.1)

  • decomposition reaction

    A chemical reaction in which a single compound reacts to give two or more products. (Section 3.2)

  • diol

    A compound containing two hydroxyl groups (OH).

  • electron-sea model

    A model for the behavior of electrons in metals. (Section 12.4)

  • Enamine

    An unsaturated compound derived by the reaction of an aldehyde or ketone and a secondary amine followed by loss of H2O; R2C"CR!NR2

  • enthalpy

    A quantity defined by the relationship H = E + PV; the enthalpy change, ?H, for a reaction that occurs at constant pressure is the heat evolved or absorbed in the reaction: ?H = qp. (Section 5.3)

  • heat of vaporization

    The enthalpy change, ?H, for vaporization of a liquid. (Section 11.4)

  • Heterolytic bond cleavage

    Cleavage of a bond so that one fragment retains both electrons and the other retains none.

  • molar heat capacity

    The heat required to raise the temperature of one mole of a substance by 1 °C. (Section 5.5)

  • polynucleotide

    A polymer constructed from nucleotides linked together.

  • Saponifi cation

    Hydrolysis of an ester in aqueous NaOH or KOH to an alcohol and the sodium or potassium salts of carboxylic acids

  • shielded

    In NMR spectroscopy,protons or carbon atoms whose surrounding electron density is rich.

  • sp3-hybridized orbitals

    Atomic orbitals that are achieved by mathematically averaging one s orbital with three p orbitals to form four hybridized atomic orbitals.

  • Torsional strain

    Strain that arises when nonbonded atoms separated by three bonds are forced from a staggered conformation to an eclipsed conformation. Torsional strain is also called eclipsed-interaction strain.

  • Vicinal coupling

    a !CH"CH2 group

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