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Solutions for Chapter 15: Chemistry: The Central Science 12th Edition

Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780321696724 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition

ISBN: 9780321696724

Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780321696724 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward

Solutions for Chapter 15

Solutions for Chapter 15
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Textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science
Edition: 12
Author: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward
ISBN: 9780321696724

Chemistry: The Central Science was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321696724. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 15 includes 107 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 12. Since 107 problems in chapter 15 have been answered, more than 201888 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • activated complex (transition state)

    The particular arrangement of atoms found at the top of the potential-energy barrier as a reaction proceeds from reactants to products. (Section 14.5)

  • block copolymer

    A copolymer in which the different homopolymer subunits are connected together in one chain.

  • Boyle’s law

    A law stating that at constant temperature, the product of the volume and pressure of a given amount of gas is a constant. (Section 10.3)

  • chemical properties

    Properties that describe a substance’s composition and its reactivity; how the substance reacts or changes into other substances. (Section 1.3)

  • chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs)

    Compound containing only carbon, chlorine, and fluorine.

  • dynamic equilibrium

    A state of balance in which opposing processes occur at the same rate. (Section 11.5)

  • elimination (of radicals)

    In radical reaction mechanisms, a step in which a bond forms between the alpha (a) and beta (b) positions. As a result, a single bond at the b position is cleaved, causing the compound to fragment into two pieces.

  • enantiomerically pure

    A substance that consists of a single enantiomer, and not its mirror image.

  • Energy diagram

    A graph showing the changes in energy that occur during a chemical reaction; energy is plotted on the vertical axis, and reaction progress is plotted on the horizontal axis. Also called a reaction coordinate diagram

  • glucose

    A polyhydroxy aldehyde whose formula is CH2OH1CHOH24CHO; it is the most important of the monosaccharides. (Section 24.8)

  • hard water

    Water that contains appreciable concentrations of Ca2 + and Mg 2 + ; these ions react with soaps to form an insoluble material. (Section 18.4)

  • heterogeneous catalyst

    A catalyst that does not dissolve in the reaction medium.

  • High-density lipoprotein (HDL)

    Plasma particles, density 1.06–1.21 g/mL, consisting of approximately 33% proteins, 30% cholesterol, 29% phospholipids, and 8% triglycerides.

  • Hydride ion

    A hydrogen atom with two electrons in its valence shell; H:!

  • lipid bilayer

    The main fabricof cell membranes, assembled primarily fromphosphoglycerides.

  • Mutarotation

    The change in specifi c rotation that occurs when an a or b hemiacetal form of a carbohydrate in aqueous solution is converted to an equilibrium mixture of the two forms.

  • nucleon

    A particle found in the nucleus of an atom. (Section 21.1)

  • Oxymercuration-reduction

    A method for converting an alkene to an alcohol. The alkene is treated with mercury(II) acetate followed by reduction with sodium borohydride.

  • Pauli exclusion principle

    A rule stating that no two electrons in an atom may have the same four quantum numbers (n, l, ml, and ms). As a reflection of this principle, there can be no more than two electrons in any one atomic orbital. (Section 6.7)

  • Tesla (T)

    The SI unit for magnetic fi eld strength.

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