Solutions for Chapter 23: Chemistry: The Central Science 12th Edition

Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780321696724 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition

ISBN: 9780321696724

Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780321696724 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown

Solutions for Chapter 23

Solutions for Chapter 23
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Textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science
Edition: 12
Author: Theodore E. Brown
ISBN: 9780321696724

Chapter 23 includes 111 full step-by-step solutions. Since 111 problems in chapter 23 have been answered, more than 89546 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chemistry: The Central Science was written by Sieva Kozinsky and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321696724. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 12. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • adhesion.

    Attraction between unlike molecules. (11.3)

  • alkoxymercuration-demercuration

    A two-step process that achieves Markovnikov addition of an alcohol (H and OR) across an alkene. The product of this process is an ether.

  • alkylthio group

    An SR group.

  • Avogadro’s number (NA).

    6.022 3 1023; the number of particles in a mole. (3.2)

  • b-Elimination

    A reaction in which a molecule, such as HCl, HBr, HI, or HOH, is split out or eliminated from adjacent carbons

  • beta elimination

    An elimination reaction in which a proton from the beta (b) position is removed together with the leaving group, forming a double bond.

  • Bile acid

    A cholesterol-derived detergent molecule, such as cholic acid, which is secreted by the gallbladder into the intestine to assist in the absorption of dietary lipids.

  • Bonding molecular orbital

    A molecular orbital in which electrons have a lower energy than they would in isolated atomic orbitals

  • carboxylic acids.

    Acids that contain the carboxyl group —COOH. (24.4)

  • Conjugate addition

    Addition of a nucleophile to the b-carbon of an a,b-unsaturated carbonyl compound. (Section 20.2A) Addition to carbons 1 and 4 of a conjugated diene.

  • Dienophile

    A compound containing a double bond (consisting of one or two C, N, or O atoms) that can react with a conjugated diene to give a Diels-Alder adduct.

  • frequency factor (A)

    A term in the Arrhenius equation that is related to the frequency of collision and the probability that the collisions are favorably oriented for reaction. (Section 14.5)

  • Henderson–Hasselbalch equation

    The relationship among the pH, pKa, and the concentrations of acid and conjugate base in an aqueous solution: pH = pKa + log 3base4 3acid4. (Section 17.2)

  • Hydroperoxide

    A compound containing an !OOH group.

  • ionic bond

    A bond that results from the force of attraction between two oppositely charged ions.

  • Kelvin scale

    The absolute temperature scale; the SI unit for temperature is the kelvin. Zero on the Kelvin scale corresponds to -273.15 °C. (Section 1.4)

  • Para (p)

    Refers to groups occupying l,4-positions on a benzene ring

  • sigmatropic rearrangements

    A pericyclic reaction in which one s bond is formed at the expense of another.

  • symmetric stretching

    In IR spectroscopy, when two bonds are stretching in phase with each other.

  • Vicinal coupling

    a !CH"CH2 group

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