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Solutions for Chapter 21: Chemistry: The Central Science 12th Edition

Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780321696724 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition

ISBN: 9780321696724

Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780321696724 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward

Solutions for Chapter 21

Solutions for Chapter 21
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Textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science
Edition: 12
Author: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward
ISBN: 9780321696724

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chemistry: The Central Science was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321696724. Chapter 21 includes 97 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 12. Since 97 problems in chapter 21 have been answered, more than 339452 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • actinide element

    Element in which the 5f orbitals are only partially occupied. (Section 6.8)

  • alditol

    The product obtained when the aldehyde group of an aldose is reduced.

  • anion.

    An ion with a net negative charge. (2.5)

  • anti conformation

    A conformation in which the dihedral angle between two groups is 180°.

  • Charles’ law.

    The volume of a fixed amount of gas maintained at constant pressure is directly proportional to the absolute temperature of the gas. (5.3)

  • complementary colors

    Colors that, when mixed in proper proportions, appear white or colorless. (Section 23.5)

  • compound

    A substance composed of two or more elements united chemically in definite proportions. (Section 1.2)

  • Dehydrohalogenation

    Removal of !H and !X from adjacent carbons; a type of b-elimination

  • diamagnetism

    A type of magnetism that causes a substance with no unpaired electrons to be weakly repelled from a magnetic field. (Section 9.8)

  • Energy

    The ability to do work.

  • gas chromatograph – mass spectrometer

    A device used for the analysis of a mixture that contains several compounds.

  • Halohydrin

    A compound containing a halogen atom and a hydroxyl group on adjacent carbons; those containing Br and OH are bromohydrins, and those containing Cl and OH are chlorohydrins.

  • hydroboration-oxidation

    A twostep process that achieves an anti-Markovnikov addition of a proton and a hydroxyl group (OH) across an alkene.

  • hydrophilic

    A polar group that has favorable interactions with water.

  • Ka

    A measure of the strength of an acid: Ka = Keq 3H2O4 = 3H3O+ 4 3A- 4 3HA4

  • nuclear transmutation

    A conversion of one kind of nucleus to another. (Section 21.3)

  • partial pressure

    The pressure exerted by a particular gas in a mixture. (Section 10.6)

  • quaternary structure

    The structure that arises when a protein consists of two or more folded polypeptide chains that aggregate to form one protein complex.

  • regioselective

    A reaction that can produce two or more constitutional isomers but nevertheless produces one as the major product.

  • Watson-Crick model

    A double-helix model for the secondary structure of a DNA molecule