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Solutions for Chapter 5: Chemistry: The Central Science 12th Edition

Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780321696724 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition

ISBN: 9780321696724

Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780321696724 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward

Solutions for Chapter 5

Solutions for Chapter 5
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Textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science
Edition: 12
Author: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward
ISBN: 9780321696724

Chemistry: The Central Science was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321696724. Since 132 problems in chapter 5 have been answered, more than 164087 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 12. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 5 includes 132 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • acid-catalyzed hydration

    A reaction that achieves the addition of water across a double bond in the presence of an acid catalyst.

  • Allylic carbocation

    A carbocation in which an allylic carbon bears the positive charge.

  • aromatic hydrocarbons

    Hydrocarbon compounds that contain a planar, cyclic arrangement of carbon atoms linked by both s and delocalized p bonds. (Section 24.2)

  • atmosphere (atm)

    A unit of pressure equal to 760 torr; 1 atm = 101.325 kPa. (Section 10.2) atom The smallest representative particle of an element. (Sections 1.1 and 2.1)

  • Avogadro’s law.

    At constant pressure and temperature, the volume of a gas is directly proportional to the number of moles of the gas present. (5.3)

  • bromohydrin

    A compound containing a Br group and a hydroxyl group (OH) on adjacent carbon atoms.

  • carbohydrates

    Polyhydroxy aldehydes or ketones with molecular formula CxH2xOx.

  • combination reaction.

    A reaction in which two or more substances combine to form a single product. (4.4)

  • diatomic molecule

    A molecule composed of only two atoms. (Section 2.6)

  • E1

    A unimolecular b-elimination reaction

  • elastomers

    Polymers that return to their original shape after being stretched.

  • force

    A push or a pull. (Section 5.1)

  • Henry’s law

    A law stating that the concentration of a gas in a solution, Sg, is proportional to the pressure of gas over the solution: Sg = kPg. (Section 13.3)

  • hydrogen bonding

    Bonding that results from intermolecular attractions between molecules containing hydrogen bonded to an electronegative element. The most important examples involve OH, NH, and HF. (Section 11.2)

  • labile

    Protons that are exchanged at a rapid rate.

  • lattice energy

    The energy required to separate completely the ions in an ionic solid. (Section 8.2)

  • net ionic equation

    A chemical equation for a solution reaction in which soluble strong electrolytes are written as ions and spectator ions are omitted. (Section 4.2)

  • quantum

    The smallest increment of radiant energy that may be absorbed or emitted; the magnitude of radiant energy is hn. (Section 6.2)

  • Quaternary (4°) ammonium ion

    An ion in which nitrogen is bonded to four carbons and bears a positive charge

  • Wavenumbers (—n )

    The frequency of electromagnetic radiation expressed as the number of waves per centimeter, with units cm21 (read: reciprocal centimeters).

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