Solutions for Chapter 5: Chemistry: The Central Science 12th Edition

Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780321696724 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition

ISBN: 9780321696724

Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780321696724 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown

Solutions for Chapter 5

Solutions for Chapter 5
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Textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science
Edition: 12
Author: Theodore E. Brown
ISBN: 9780321696724

Chemistry: The Central Science was written by Sieva Kozinsky and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321696724. Since 132 problems in chapter 5 have been answered, more than 84234 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 12. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 5 includes 132 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • addition to p bond

    One of the six kinds of arrow-pushing patterns used in drawing mechanisms for radical reactions. A radical adds to a p bond, destroying the p bond and generating a new radical.

  • Autoxidation

    Air oxidation of materials such as unsaturated fatty acids.

  • bonding atomic radius

    The radius of an atom as defined by the distances separating it from other atoms to which it is chemically bonded. (Section 7.3)

  • Carbanion

    An ion in which carbon has an unshared pair of electrons and bears a negative charge.

  • cell potential

    The potential difference between the cathode and anode in an electrochemical cell; it is measured in volts: 1 V = 1 J>C. Also called electromotive force. (Section 20.4)

  • chemical equation

    A representation of a chemical reaction using the chemical formulas of the reactants and products; a balanced chemical equation contains equal numbers of atoms of each element on both sides of the equation. (Section 3.1)

  • conjugated

    A compound in which two p bonds are separated from each other by exactly one s bond.

  • critical pressure

    The pressure at which a gas at its critical temperature is converted to a liquid state. (Section 11.4)

  • halogenation

    A reaction that involves the addition of X2 (either Br2 or Cl2) across an alkene.

  • hybrid orbital

    An orbital that results from the mixing of different kinds of atomic orbitals on the same atom. For example, an sp3 hybrid results from the mixing, or hybridizing, of one s orbital and three p orbitals. (Section 9.5)

  • ion-product constant

    For water, Kw is the product of the aquated hydrogen ion and hydroxide ion concentrations: 3H+43OH-4 = Kw = 1.0 * 10-14 at 25 °C. (Section 16.3)

  • kinetic control

    A reaction for which the product distribution is determined by the relative rates at which the products are formed.

  • molality

    The concentration of a solution expressed as moles of solute per kilogram of solvent; abbreviated m. (Section 13.4)

  • ozone

    The name given to O3, an allotrope of oxygen. (Section 7.8)

  • polar reaction

    A reaction that involves the participation of ions as reactants, intermediates, or products.

  • redox (oxidation–reduction) reaction

    A reaction in which certain atoms undergo changes in oxidation states. The substance increasing in oxidation state is oxidized; the substance decreasing in oxidation state is reduced. (Section 4.4; Chapter 20: Introduction)

  • resonance stabilization

    The stabilization associated with the delocalization of electrons via resonance.

  • symmetry allowed

    A reaction that obeys conservation of orbital symmetry.

  • thioacetal

    A compound that contains two SR groups, both of which are connected to the same carbon atom.

  • Thiol

    A compound containing an !SH (sulfhydryl) group bonded to an sp3 -hybridized carbon.

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