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Solutions for Chapter 5: Chemistry: The Central Science 12th Edition

Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780321696724 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition

ISBN: 9780321696724

Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780321696724 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward

Solutions for Chapter 5

Solutions for Chapter 5
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Textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science
Edition: 12
Author: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward
ISBN: 9780321696724

Chemistry: The Central Science was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321696724. Since 132 problems in chapter 5 have been answered, more than 127248 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 12. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 5 includes 132 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • aldol condensation

    An aldol addition followed by dehydration to give an a,bunsaturated ketone or aldehyde.

  • allylic carbocation

    A carbocation in which the positive charge is adjacent to a carbon-carbon double bond.

  • aromatic hydrocarbon.

    A hydrocarbon that contains one or more benzene rings. (24.1)

  • Benzylic position

    An sp3 -hybridized carbon bonded to a benzene ring

  • chemical formula

    A notation that uses chemical symbols with numerical subscripts to convey the relative proportions of atoms of the different elements in a substance. (Section 2.6)

  • compound semiconductor

    A semiconducting material formed from two or more elements. (Section 12.7)

  • crystalline solid.

    A solid that possesses rigid and long-range order; its atoms, molecules, or ions occupy specific positions. (11.4)

  • crystallization

    The process in which molecules, ions, or atoms come together to form a crystalline solid. (Section 13.2)

  • dextrorotatory, or merely dextro or d

    A term used to label a chiral molecule that rotates the plane of polarization of plane-polarized light to the right (clockwise). (Section 23.4)

  • diamagnetic.

    Repelled by a magnet; a diamagnetic substance contains only paired electrons. (7.8)

  • Dispersion forces

    Very weak intermolecular forces of attraction resulting from the interaction between temporary induced dipoles

  • Graham’s law

    A law stating that the rate of effusion of a gas is inversely proportional to the square root of its molecular weight. (Section 10.8)

  • heat of combustion

    The heat given off during a reaction in which an alkane reacts with oxygen to produce CO2 and water.

  • Hofmann product

    The less substituted product (alkene) of an elimination reaction.

  • molarity

    The concentration of a solution expressed as moles of solute per liter of solution; abbreviated M. (Section 4.5)

  • optically pure

    A solution containing just one enantiomer, but not its mirror image.

  • Reductive elimination

    Elimination of two substituents at a metal center, causing the oxidation state of the metal to decrease by two.

  • regiochemistry

    A term describing a consideration that must be taken into account for a reaction in which two or more constitutional isomers can be formed.

  • solubility-product constant (solubility product)1Ksp2

    An equilibrium constant related to the equilibrium between a solid salt and its ions in solution. It provides a quantitative measure of the solubility of a slightly soluble salt. (Section 17.4)

  • sp2-hybridized orbitals

    Atomic orbitals that are achieved by mathematically averaging one s orbital with two p orbitals to form three hybridized atomic orbitals.

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