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Solutions for Chapter 4: Chemistry: The Central Science 12th Edition

Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780321696724 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition

ISBN: 9780321696724

Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780321696724 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward

Solutions for Chapter 4

Solutions for Chapter 4
4 5 0 343 Reviews
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Textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science
Edition: 12
Author: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward
ISBN: 9780321696724

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 12. Since 131 problems in chapter 4 have been answered, more than 304523 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 4 includes 131 full step-by-step solutions. Chemistry: The Central Science was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321696724. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • activity series.

    A summary of the results of many possible displacement reactions. (4.4)

  • Alcohol

    A compound containing an !OH (hydroxyl) group bonded to a carbon atom

  • aldol condensation

    An aldol addition followed by dehydration to give an a,bunsaturated ketone or aldehyde.

  • alkenes.

    Hydrocarbons that contain one or more carbon-carbon double bonds. They have the general formula CnH2n, where n 5 2,3, . . . . (24.2)

  • Alkyl group

    A group derived by removing a hydrogen from an alkane; given the symbol R!

  • Boyle’s law.

    The volume of a fixed amount of gas maintained at constant temperature is inversely proportional to the gas pressure. (5.3)

  • cation

    A positively charged ion. (Section 2.7)

  • Cis, trans isomers

    Stereoisomers that have the same connectivity but a different arrangement of their atoms in space as a result of the presence of either a ring or a carboncarbon double bond.

  • E2

    A bimolecular b-elimination reaction.

  • epimer

    Diastereomers that differ from each other in the configuration of only one chirality center.

  • half-life

    The time required for the concentration of a reactant substance to decrease to half its initial value; the time required for half of a sample of a particular radioisotope to decay. (Sections 14.4 and 21.4)

  • internal energy

    The total energy possessed by a system. When a system undergoes a change, the change in internal energy, ?E, is defined as the heat, q, added to the system, plus the work, w, done on the system by its surroundings: ?E = q + w. (Section 5.2)

  • levorotatory

    A compound thatrotates plane-polarized light in a counterclockwisedirection (-).

  • methyl shift

    A type of carbocation rearrangement in which a methyl group migrates.

  • Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy

    A spectroscopic technique that gives information about the number and types of atoms in a molecule, for example, hydrogens (1 H!NMR) and carbons (13C!NMR)

  • photon

    The smallest increment (a quantum) of radiant energy; a photon of light with frequency n has an energy equal to hn. (Section 6.2)

  • Plane-polarized light

    Light oscillating in only parallel planes.

  • Sigma (s) molecular orbital

    A molecular orbital in which electron density is concentrated between two nuclei, along the axis joining them, and is cylindrically symmetrical

  • singlet

    In NMR spectroscopy, a signal that is comprised of only one peak.

  • solubility-product constant (solubility product)1Ksp2

    An equilibrium constant related to the equilibrium between a solid salt and its ions in solution. It provides a quantitative measure of the solubility of a slightly soluble salt. (Section 17.4)