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Solutions for Chapter 4: Chemistry: The Central Science 12th Edition

Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780321696724 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition

ISBN: 9780321696724

Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780321696724 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward

Solutions for Chapter 4

Solutions for Chapter 4
4 5 0 300 Reviews
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Textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science
Edition: 12
Author: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward
ISBN: 9780321696724

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 12. Since 131 problems in chapter 4 have been answered, more than 132342 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 4 includes 131 full step-by-step solutions. Chemistry: The Central Science was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321696724. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • acid-dissociation constant (Ka)

    An equilibrium constant that expresses the extent to which an acid transfers a proton to solvent water. (Section 16.6)

  • alkenes

    Hydrocarbons containing one or more carbon–carbon double bonds. (Section 24.2)

  • beta (b) position

    The position immediately adjacent to an alpha (a) position.

  • chain reaction

    A reaction (generally involving radicals) in which one chemical entity can ultimately cause a chemical transformation for thousands of molecules.

  • collision model

    A model of reaction rates based on the idea that molecules must collide to react; it explains the factors influencing reaction rates in terms of the frequency of collisions, the number of collisions with energies exceeding the activation energy, and the probability that the collisions occur with suitable orientations. (Section 14.5)

  • condensed structure

    A drawing style in which none of the bonds are drawn. Groups of atoms are clustered together when possible. For example, isopropanol has two CH3 groups, both of which are connected to the central carbon atom, shown like this: (CH3)2CHOH.

  • Constitutional isomers

    Compounds with the same molecular formula but a different connectivity of their atoms

  • coordination number

    The number of adjacent atoms to which an atom is directly bonded. In a complex the coordination number of the metal ion is the number of donor atoms to which it is bonded. (Sections 12.37 and 24.2)

  • coordination sphere

    The metal ion and its surrounding ligands. (Section 23.2)

  • Dieckmann cyclization

    An intramolecular Claisen condensation.

  • electronic charge

    The negative charge carried by an electron; it has a magnitude of 1.602 * 10-19 C. (Section 2.3)

  • frequency

    The number of times per second that one complete wavelength passes a given point. (Section 6.1)

  • Hertz (Hz)

    The unit in which frequency is measured: s 21 (read “per second”).

  • law of definite proportions

    A law that states that the elemental composition of a pure substance is always the same, regardless of its source; also called the law of constant composition. (Section 1.2)

  • N-Terminal amino acid

    The amino acid at the end of a polypeptide chain having the free !NH2 group

  • polyurethanes

    Polymers made up of repeating urethane groups, also sometimes called carbamate groups (!N!CO2!).

  • primary cell

    A voltaic cell that cannot be recharged. (Section 20.7)

  • protium

    The most common isotope of hydrogen. (Section 22.2)

  • Reductive amination

    A method for preparing substituted amines by treating an aldehyde or ketone with an amine in the presence of a reducing agent

  • significant figures

    The digits that indicate the precision with which a measurement is made; all digits of a measured quantity are significant, including the last digit, which is uncertain. (Section 1.5)

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