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Solutions for Chapter 4: Reactions In Aqueous Solution

Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780321696724 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition

ISBN: 9780321696724

Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780321696724 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward

Solutions for Chapter 4: Reactions In Aqueous Solution

Solutions for Chapter 4
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Textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science
Edition: 12
Author: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward
ISBN: 9780321696724

Summary of Chapter 4: Reactions In Aqueous Solution

Examine chemical reactions that take place in aqueous solutions. In addition, extend the concepts of stoichiometry by considering how solution concentrations are expressed and used.

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 12. Since 131 problems in chapter 4: Reactions In Aqueous Solution have been answered, more than 567168 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 4: Reactions In Aqueous Solution includes 131 full step-by-step solutions. Chemistry: The Central Science was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321696724. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Addition reaction

    A reaction in which two atoms or groups of atoms react with a double bond, forming a compound with the two new groups bonded to the carbons of the original double bond.

  • alpha (a) position

    The position immediately adjacent to a functional group.

  • Aufbau principle.

    As protons are added one by one to the nucleus to build up the elements, electrons similarly are added to the atomic orbitals. (7.9)

  • bar

    A unit of pressure equal to 105 Pa. (Section 10.2)

  • Bonding electrons

    Valence electrons involved in forming a covalent bond (i.e., shared electrons).

  • chemical reaction.

    A process in which a substance (or substances) is changed into one or more new substances. (3.7)

  • combination reaction

    A chemical reaction in which two or more substances combine to form a single product. (Section 3.2)

  • condensation polymer

    A polymer,that is formed via a condensation reaction.

  • constructive interference

    When two waves interact with each other in a way that produces a wave with a larger amplitude.

  • Electrophile

    From the Greek meaning electron loving. Any species that can accept a pair of electrons to form a new covalent bond; alternatively, a Lewis acid.

  • enthalpy

    A quantity defined by the relationship H = E + PV; the enthalpy change, ?H, for a reaction that occurs at constant pressure is the heat evolved or absorbed in the reaction: ?H = qp. (Section 5.3)

  • Epoxide

    A cyclic ether in which oxygen is one atom of a three-membered ring

  • half-life

    The time required for the concentration of a reactant substance to decrease to half its initial value; the time required for half of a sample of a particular radioisotope to decay. (Sections 14.4 and 21.4)

  • hydration

    Solvation when the solvent is water. (Section 13.1)

  • ionic hydrides

    Compounds formed when hydrogen reacts with alkali metals and also the heavier alkaline earths (Ca, Sr, and Ba); these compounds contain the hydride ion, H-. (Section 22.2)

  • Levorotatory

    Refers to a substance that rotates the plane of polarized light to the left.

  • partially condensed structures

    A drawing style in which the CH bonds are not drawn explicitly, but all other bonds are drawn.

  • Reaction coordinate diagram

    A graph showing the energy changes that occur during a chemical reaction; energy is plotted on the vertical axis and reaction progress is plotted on the horizontal axis.

  • Valence shell

    The outermost occupied electron shell of an atom.

  • Valence-shell electron-pair repulsion (VSEPR)

    A method for predicting bond angles based on the idea that electron pairs repel each other and keep as far apart as possible.