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Solutions for Chapter 9: Thermochemistry

Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780321696724 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition

ISBN: 9780321696724

Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780321696724 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward

Solutions for Chapter 9: Thermochemistry

Solutions for Chapter 9
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Textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science
Edition: 12
Author: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward
ISBN: 9780321696724

Summary of Chapter 9: Thermochemistry

Learn the relationships between chemical reactions and energy changes that involve heat. This portion of thermodynamics is called thermochemistry

Chemistry: The Central Science was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321696724. Since 124 problems in chapter 9: Thermochemistry have been answered, more than 587031 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 9: Thermochemistry includes 124 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 12.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Allylic

    Next to a carbon-carbon double bond.

  • amorphous solid.

    A solid that lacks a regular three-dimensional arrangement of atoms or molecules. (11.7)

  • Born–Haber cycle

    A thermodynamic cycle based on Hess’s law that relates the lattice energy of an ionic substance to its enthalpy of formation and to other measurable quantities. (Section 8.2)

  • calorimeter

    An apparatus that measures the heat released or absorbed in a chemical or physical process. (Section 5.5)

  • Chair conformation

    The most stable nonplanar conformation of a cyclohexane ring; all bond angles are approximately 109.5°, and all bonds on adjacent carbons are staggered.

  • changes of state

    Transformations of matter from one state to a different one, for example, from a gas to a liquid. (Section 1.3)

  • common ion effect.

    The shift in equilibrium caused by the addition of a compound having an ion in common with the dissolved substances. (16.2)

  • Confi guration

    Refers to the arrangement of atoms about a stereocenter

  • cycloaddition reactions

    Reactions in which two p systems are joined together in a way that forms a ring. In the process, two p bonds are converted into two s bonds.

  • force

    A push or a pull. (Section 5.1)

  • free radical

    A substance with one or more unpaired electrons. (Section 21.9)

  • Gibbs free energy change (DG°)

    The energy that dictates the position of chemical equilibria and rates of chemical reactions. A thermodynamic function of enthalpy, entropy, and temperature, given by the equation DG° 5 DH° 2 TDS°. If DG° , 0, the position of equilibria for the reaction favors products. If DG° . 0, the position of equilibria favors reactants.

  • Phenol

    A compound that contains an !OH bonded to a benzene ring; a benzenol.

  • polar reaction

    A reaction that involves the participation of ions as reactants, intermediates, or products.

  • Polysaccharide

    A carbohydrate containing a large number of monosaccharide units, each joined to the next by one or more glycosidic bonds.

  • retro-aldol reaction

    The reverse of an aldol reaction. A b-hydroxyketone or aldehyde is converted into two ketones or aldehydes.

  • spectrum

    The distribution among various wavelengths of the radiant energy emitted or absorbed by an object. (Section 6.3)

  • symmetric stretching

    In IR spectroscopy, when two bonds are stretching in phase with each other.

  • waxes

    High-molecular-weight esters that are constructed from carboxylic acids and alcohols.

  • Zaitsev product

    The more substituted product (alkene) of an elimination reaction.