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Solutions for Chapter 9: Chemistry: The Central Science 12th Edition

Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780321696724 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition

ISBN: 9780321696724

Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780321696724 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward

Solutions for Chapter 9

Solutions for Chapter 9
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Textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science
Edition: 12
Author: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward
ISBN: 9780321696724

Chemistry: The Central Science was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321696724. Since 124 problems in chapter 9 have been answered, more than 317291 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 9 includes 124 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 12.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Allylic carbocation

    A carbocation in which an allylic carbon bears the positive charge.

  • annulenes

    Compounds consisting of a single ring containing a fully conjugated p system. Benzene is [6]annulene.

  • Anti conformation

    A conformation about a single bond in which two groups on adjacent carbons lie at a dihedral angle of 180°.

  • collision model

    A model of reaction rates based on the idea that molecules must collide to react; it explains the factors influencing reaction rates in terms of the frequency of collisions, the number of collisions with energies exceeding the activation energy, and the probability that the collisions occur with suitable orientations. (Section 14.5)

  • Contributing structures

    Representations of a molecule or ion that differ only in the distribution of valence electrons.

  • desulfurization

    The conversion of a thioacetal into an alkane in the presence of Raney nickel.

  • E,Z system

    A system to specify the confi guration of groups about a carbon-carbon double bond

  • electromagnetic radiation (radiant energy)

    A form of energy that has wave characteristics and that propagates through a vacuum at the characteristic speed of 3.00 * 108 m >s. (Section 6.1)

  • endothermic

    Any process with a positive DH (the system receives energy from the surroundings).

  • Gibbs free energy

    A thermodynamic state function that combines enthalpy and entropy, in the form G = H - TS. For a change occurring at constant temperature and pressure, the change in free energy is ?G = ?H - T?S. (Section 19.5)

  • hexagonal close packing

    A crystal structure where the atoms are packed together as closely as possible. The close-packed layers adopt a two-layer repeating pattern, which leads to a primitive hexagonal unit cell. (Section 12.3)

  • interhalogens

    Compounds formed between two different halogen elements. Examples include IBr and BrF3. (Section 22.4)

  • Lewis base

    A compound capable offunctioning as an electron pair donor.

  • mass spectrometer

    An instrument used to measure the precise masses and relative amounts of atomic and molecular ions. (Section 2.4)

  • metric system

    A system of measurement used in science and in most countries. The meter and the gram are examples of metric units. (Section 1.4)

  • Nucleoside

    A building block of nucleic acids, consisting of d-ribose or 2-deoxy-d-ribose bonded to a heterocyclic aromatic amine base by a b-N-glycosidic bond

  • oxonium ion

    An intermediate with a positively charged oxygen atom.

  • pi 1P2 molecular orbital

    A molecular orbital that concentrates the electron density on opposite sides of an imaginary line that passes through the nuclei. (Section 9.8)

  • polarizability

    The ability of an atom or molecule to distribute its electron density unevenly in response to external influences.

  • polycarbonates

    Polymers that are similar in structure to polyesters but with repeating carbonate groups (!O!CO2!) instead of repeating ester groups (!CO2!). polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons