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Solutions for Chapter 9: Chemistry: The Central Science 12th Edition

Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780321696724 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition

ISBN: 9780321696724

Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780321696724 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward

Solutions for Chapter 9

Solutions for Chapter 9
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Textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science
Edition: 12
Author: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward
ISBN: 9780321696724

Chemistry: The Central Science was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321696724. Since 124 problems in chapter 9 have been answered, more than 172295 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 9 includes 124 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 12.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • alpha 1A2 helix

    A protein structure in which the protein is coiled in the form of a helix with hydrogen bonds between C “O and N ¬H groups on adjacent turns. (Section 24.7)

  • Anion

    An atom or group of atoms bearing a negative charge.

  • axial position

    For chair conformations of substituted cyclohexanes, a position that is parallel to a vertical axis passing through the center of the ring.

  • Beer’s law

    The light absorbed by a substance (A) equals the product of its extinction coefficient 1e2, the path length through which the light passes (b), and the molar concentration of the substance (c): A = ebc. (Section 14.2)

  • Chiral center

    A tetrahedral atom, most commonly carbon, that is bonded to four different groups; also called a chirality center

  • conservation of orbital symmetry

    During a reaction, the requirement that the phases of the frontier MOs must be aligned.

  • coupling (of protons)

    A phenomenon observed most commonly for nonequivalent protons connected to adjacent carbon atoms in which the multiplicity of each signal is affected by the other.

  • exergonic

    Any process with a negative DG.

  • face-centered lattice

    A crystal lattice in which the lattice points are located at the faces and corners of each unit cell. (Section 12.2)

  • first order

    A reaction that has a rate equation in which the sum of all exponents is one.

  • geminal

    Two groups connected to the same carbon atom. For example, a geminal dihalide is a compound with two halogens connected to the same carbon atom.

  • halohydrin formation

    A reaction which involves the addition of a halogen and a hydroxyl group (OH) across an alkene.

  • Heat of reaction (DH0 )

    The difference in enthalpy between reactants and products. If the enthalpy of products is lower than that of the reactants, heat is released and the reaction is exothermic. If the enthalpy of the products is higher than that of the reactants, energy is absorbed, and the reaction is endothermic

  • Heterolytic bond cleavage

    Cleavage of a bond so that one fragment retains both electrons and the other retains none.

  • hydrochlorofluorocarbons, (HCFCs)

    Compounds that are similar in structure to CFCs but also possess at least one C!Hbond.

  • hydrogen bonding

    Bonding that results from intermolecular attractions between molecules containing hydrogen bonded to an electronegative element. The most important examples involve OH, NH, and HF. (Section 11.2)

  • lattice vectors

    The vectors a, b, and c that define a crystal lattice. The position of any lattice point in a crystal can be represented by summing integer multiples of the lattice vectors. (Section 12.2)

  • matter

    Anything that occupies space and has mass; the physical material of the universe. (Section 1.1)

  • Mercaptan

    A common name for a thiol; that is, any compound that contains an -SH (sulfhydryl) group

  • Polarizability

    A measure of the ease of distortion of the distribution of electron density about an atom or group in response to interaction with other molecules or ions. Fluorine which has a high electronegativity and holds its electrons tightly, has a very low polarizability. Iodine, which has a lower electronegativity and holds its electrons less tightly, has a very high polarizability.

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