×
Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to Chemistry - Textbook Survival Guide
Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to Chemistry - Textbook Survival Guide

Solutions for Chapter 4: The Study of Chemical Reactions

Organic Chemistry | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780321971371 | Authors: Leroy G. Wade, Jan W. Simek

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9780321971371

Organic Chemistry | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780321971371 | Authors: Leroy G. Wade, Jan W. Simek

Solutions for Chapter 4: The Study of Chemical Reactions

Solutions for Chapter 4
4 5 0 409 Reviews
13
1
Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 9
Author: Leroy G. Wade, Jan W. Simek
ISBN: 9780321971371

Chapter 4: The Study of Chemical Reactions includes 66 full step-by-step solutions. Since 66 problems in chapter 4: The Study of Chemical Reactions have been answered, more than 43880 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 9. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321971371.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • absolute zero.

    Theoretically the lowest attainable temperature. (5.3)

  • amidomalonate synthesis

    A synthetic method that employs diethyl acetamidomalonate as the starting material and enables the preparation of racemic a-amino acids.

  • Born-Haber cycle.

    The cycle that relates lattice energies of ionic compounds to ionization energies, electron affinities, heats of sublimation and formation, and bond enthalpies. (9.3)

  • Carboxylic ester

    A derivative of a carboxylic acid in which H of the carboxyl group is replaced by a carbon.

  • delocalized

    A lone pair or charge that is participating in resonance.

  • downfield

    The left side of an NMR spectrum.

  • element

    A substance consisting of atoms of the same atomic number. Historically defined as a substance that cannot be separated into simpler substances by chemical means. (Sections 1.1 and 1.2)

  • elementary reaction

    A process in a chemical reaction that occurs in a single step. An overall chemical reaction consists of one or more elementary reactions or steps. (Section 14.6)

  • Haloalkene (vinylic halide)

    A compound containing a halogen atom bonded to one of the carbons of a carbon-carbon double bond.

  • intermediate

    A substance formed in one elementary step of a multistep mechanism and consumed in another; it is neither a reactant nor an ultimate product of the overall reaction. (Section 14.6)

  • irreversible process

    A process that cannot be reversed to restore both the system and its surroundings to their original states. Any spontaneous process is irreversible. (Section 19.1)

  • Nernst equation

    An equation that relates the cell emf, E, to the standard emf, E°, and the reaction quotient, Q: E = E° - 1RT>nF2 ln Q. (Section 20.6)

  • Nucleic acid

    A biopolymer containing three types of monomer units: heterocyclic aromatic amine bases derived from purine and pyrimidine, the monosaccharides d-ribose or 2-deoxy-d-ribose, and phosphoric acid

  • pi 1P2 bond

    A covalent bond in which electron density is concentrated above and below the internuclear axis. (Section 9.6)

  • Prochiral hydrogens

    Refers to two hydrogens bonded to a carbon atom. When a different atom replaces one or the other, the carbon becomes a chiral center. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of ethanol, for example, are prochiral. Replacing one of them by deuterium gives (R)-1-deuteroethanol; replacing the other gives (S)-1-deuteroethanol

  • proton

    A positively charged subatomic particle found in the nucleus of an atom. (Section 2.3)

  • reaction mechanism

    A detailed picture, or model, of how the reaction occurs; that is, the order in which bonds are broken and formed and the changes in relative positions of the atoms as the reaction proceeds. (Section 14.6)

  • Ring current

    An applied magnetic fi eld causes the p electrons of an aromatic ring to circulate, giving rise to the so-called ring current and an associated magnetic fi eld that opposes the applied fi eld in the middle of the ring but reinforces the applied fi eld on the outside of the ring.

  • solubility

    The amount of a substance that dissolves in a given quantity of solvent at a given temperature to form a saturated solution. (Sections 4.2 and 13.2)

  • Terpene

    A compound whose carbon skeleton can be divided into two or more units identical with the carbon skeleton of isoprene

×
Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to Chemistry - Textbook Survival Guide
Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to Chemistry - Textbook Survival Guide
×
Reset your password