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Solutions for Chapter 23: Carbohydrates and Nucleic Acids

Organic Chemistry | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780321971371 | Authors: Leroy G. Wade, Jan W. Simek

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9780321971371

Organic Chemistry | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780321971371 | Authors: Leroy G. Wade, Jan W. Simek

Solutions for Chapter 23: Carbohydrates and Nucleic Acids

Solutions for Chapter 23
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Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 9
Author: Leroy G. Wade, Jan W. Simek
ISBN: 9780321971371

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 9. Chapter 23: Carbohydrates and Nucleic Acids includes 74 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 74 problems in chapter 23: Carbohydrates and Nucleic Acids have been answered, more than 47403 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321971371.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • alkaline earth metals.

    The Group 2A elements (Be, Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba, and Ra). (2.4)

  • alpha decay

    A type of radioactive decay in which an atomic nucleus emits an alpha particle and thereby transforms (or “decays”) into an atom with a mass number 4 less and atomic number 2 less. (Section 21.1)

  • Aufbau principle

    A rule that determines the order in which orbitals are filled by electrons. Specifically, the lowest energy orbital is filled first.

  • Beer’s law

    The light absorbed by a substance (A) equals the product of its extinction coefficient 1e2, the path length through which the light passes (b), and the molar concentration of the substance (c): A = ebc. (Section 14.2)

  • bond cleavage

    The breaking of a bond, either homolytically or heterolytically. bond dissociation energy (Sect. 6.1): The energy required to achieve homolytic bond cleavage (generating radicals).

  • bonding molecular orbital.

    A molecular orbital that is of lower energy and greater stability than the atomic orbitals from which it was formed. (10.6)

  • carbonyl group

    A CRO bond. carboxylic acid derivative (Sect. 21.6): A compound that is similar in structure to a carboxylic acid (RCOOH) but the OH group of the carboxylic acid has been replaced with a different group, Z, where Z is a heteroatom such as Cl, O, N, etc. Nitriles (R!C#N) are also considered to be carboxylic acid derivatives because they have the same oxidation state as carboxylic acids.

  • Circular DNA

    A type of double-stranded DNA in which the 59 and 39 ends of each strand are joined by phosphodiester groups.

  • coordination-sphere isomers

    Structural isomers of coordination compounds in which the ligands within the coordination sphere differ. (Section 23.4)

  • cubic close packing

    A crystal structure where the atoms are packed together as close as possible, and the close-packed layers of atoms adopt a three-layer repeating pattern that leads to a face-centered cubic unit cell. (Section 12.3)

  • denatured protein.

    Protein that does not exhibit normal biological activities. (25.3)

  • Dextrorotatory

    Refers to a substance that rotates the plane of polarized light to the right

  • glycogen

    The general name given to a group of polysaccharides of glucose that are synthesized in mammals and used to store energy from carbohydrates. (Section 24.7)

  • nuclear model

    Model of the atom with a nucleus containing protons and neutrons and with electrons in the space outside the nucleus. (Section 2.2)

  • nucleic acids

    Polymers of high molecular weight that carry genetic information and control protein synthesis. (Section 24.10)

  • percent yield

    The ratio of the actual (experimental) yield of a product to its theoretical (calculated) yield, multiplied by 100. (Section 3.7)

  • polysaccharides

    Polymers made up of repeating monosaccharide units linked together by glycoside bonds.

  • Radical cation

    A species formed when a neutral molecule loses one electron; it contains both an odd number of electrons and a positive charge.

  • rotational motion

    Movement of a molecule as though it is spinning like a top. (Section 19.3)

  • specific rotation

    For a chiral compound that is subjected to plane-polarized light, the observed rotation when a standard concentration (1 g/mL) and a standard path length (1 dm) are used.

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