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Solutions for Chapter 18: Reactions at the A Carbon of Carbonyl Compounds

Organic Chemistry | 11th Edition | ISBN: 9781118133576 | Authors: T. W. Graham Solomons Craig B. Fryhle, Scott A. Snyder

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 11th Edition

ISBN: 9781118133576

Organic Chemistry | 11th Edition | ISBN: 9781118133576 | Authors: T. W. Graham Solomons Craig B. Fryhle, Scott A. Snyder

Solutions for Chapter 18: Reactions at the A Carbon of Carbonyl Compounds

Solutions for Chapter 18
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Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 11
Author: T. W. Graham Solomons Craig B. Fryhle, Scott A. Snyder
ISBN: 9781118133576

Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781118133576. Since 34 problems in chapter 18: Reactions at the A Carbon of Carbonyl Compounds have been answered, more than 46438 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 18: Reactions at the A Carbon of Carbonyl Compounds includes 34 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 11.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • aldehydes.

    Compounds with a carbonyl functional group and the general formula RCHO, where R is an H atom, an alkyl, or an aromatic group. (24.4)

  • Alditol

    The product formed when the C"O group of a monosaccharide is reduced to a CHOH group.

  • Bicycloalkane

    An alkane containing two rings that share two carbons

  • biodegradable

    Organic material that bacteria are able to oxidize. (Section 18.4)

  • buffer solution.

    A solution of (a) a weak acid or base and (b) its salt; both components must be present. The solution has the ability to resist changes in pH upon the addition of small amounts of either acid or base. (16.3)

  • catalyst.

    A substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction without itself being consumed. (13.6)

  • corrosion

    The process by which a metal is oxidized by substances in its environment. (Section 20.8)

  • covalent-network solids

    Solids in which the units that make up the three-dimensional network are joined by covalent bonds. (Section 12.1)

  • delocalized

    A lone pair or charge that is participating in resonance.

  • dipole moment

    A measure of the separation and magnitude of the positive and negative charges in polar molecules. (Section 8.4)

  • Exothermic reaction

    A reaction in which the enthalpy of the products is lower than that of the reactants; a reaction in which heat is released.

  • hydrophilic

    A polar group that has favorable interactions with water.

  • hypothesis

    A tentative explanation of a series of observations or of a natural law. (Section 1.3)

  • ion

    Electrically charged atom or group of atoms (polyatomic ion); ions can be positively or negatively charged, depending on whether electrons are lost (positive) or gained (negative) by the atoms. (Section 2.7)

  • photochemical reaction

    A reaction that is performed with photochemical excitation (usually UV light).

  • positron

    A particle with the same mass as an electron but with a positive charge, 0 +1e, or b+. (Section 21.1)

  • R

    A term used to designate the configuration of a chirality center, determined in the following way: Each of the four groups is assigned a priority, and the molecule is then rotated (if necessary) so that the #4 group is directed behind the page (on a dash). A clockwise sequence for 1-2-3 is designated as R.

  • racemic mixture

    A solution containing equal amounts of both enantiomers.

  • Rate determining step

    The step in a multistep reaction sequence that crosses the highest energy barrier.

  • rate equation

    An equation thatdescribes the relationship between the rate of a reactionand the concentration of reactants.

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