- Chapter 1: Structure and Bonding
- Chapter 10: Alkenes
- Chapter 11: Alkynes
- Chapter 12: Oxidation and Reduction
- Chapter 13: Mass Spectrometry and Infrared Spectroscopy
- Chapter 14: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
- Chapter 15: Radical Reactions
- Chapter 16: Conjugation, Resonance, and Dienes
- Chapter 17: Benzene and Aromatic Compounds
- Chapter 18: Electrophilic Aromatic Substitution
- Chapter 19: Carboxylic Acids and the Acidity of the OH Bond
- Chapter 2: Acids and Bases
- Chapter 20: Introduction to Carbonyl Chemistry; Organometallic Reagents; Oxidation and Reduction
- Chapter 21: Aldehydes and KetonesNucleophilic Addition
- Chapter 22: Carboxylic Acids and Their DerivativesNucleophilic Acyl Substitution
- Chapter 23: Substitution Reactions of Carbonyl Compounds at the ` Carbon
- Chapter 24: Carbonyl Condensation Reactions
- Chapter 25: Amines
- Chapter 26: CarbonCarbon Bond-Forming Reactions in Organic Synthesis
- Chapter 27: Carbohydrates
- Chapter 28: Amino Acids and Proteins
- Chapter 29: Lipids
- Chapter 3: Introduction to Organic Molecules and Functional Groups
- Chapter 30: Synthetic Polymers
- Chapter 4: Alkanes
- Chapter 5: Stereochemistry
- Chapter 6: Understanding Organic Reactions
- Chapter 7: Alkyl Halides and Nucleophilic Substitution
- Chapter 8: Alkyl Halides and Elimination Reactions
- Chapter 9: Alcohols, Ethers, and Epoxides
Organic Chemistry 3rd Edition - Solutions by Chapter
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 3rd Edition
(n 1 1) rule
If a hydrogen has n hydrogens nonequivalent to it but equivalent among themselves on the same or adjacent atom(s), its 1 H!NMR signal is split into (n 1 1) peaks
A reaction in which bonds are broken in the presence of an acid. For example, in the presence of a strong acid, an ether is converted into two alkyl halides.
A monosaccharide containing an aldehyde group
In IR spectroscopy, when two bonds are stretching out of phase with each other.
The pressure exerted by Earth’s atmosphere. (5.2)
A rule that determines the order in which orbitals are filled by electrons. Specifically, the lowest energy orbital is filled first.
Orbitals fi ll in order of increasing energy, from lowest to highest.
For mechanisms, a step that involves two chemical entities.
A semiconducting material formed from two or more elements. (Section 12.7)
The process in which dissolved solute comes out of solution and forms crystals. (12.1)
The isotope of hydrogen whose nucleus contains a proton and a neutron: 2 1H. (Section 22.2)
Vibrations in the region 1500 to 400 cm21 of an IR spectrum are complex and diffi cult to analyze but are characteristic for different molecules.
homolitic bond cleavage
Bond breaking that results in the formation of unchanged species called radicals.
Solids that are composed of molecules. (Sections 12.1 and 12.6)
From the Greek meaning nucleus-loving. Any species that can donate a pair of electrons to form a new covalent bond; alternatively, a Lewis base
pH titration curve
A graph of pH as a function of added titrant. (Section 17.3)
A term used to indicate that exactly two alkyl groups are attached directly to a particular position. For example, a secondary carbocation has two alkyl groups attached directly to the electrophilic carbon atom (C+).
A signal of an NMR spectrum that is shifted toward the right (smaller chemical shift) on the chart paper.
Valence Bond Theory
A model of bonding that places electron pairs between adjacent atoms to create bonds.
Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion theory, which can be used to predict the geometry around an atom.
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