- Chapter 1: Structure and Bonding
- Chapter 10: Alkenes
- Chapter 11: Alkynes
- Chapter 12: Oxidation and Reduction
- Chapter 13: Mass Spectrometry and Infrared Spectroscopy
- Chapter 14: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
- Chapter 15: Radical Reactions
- Chapter 16: Conjugation, Resonance, and Dienes
- Chapter 17: Benzene and Aromatic Compounds
- Chapter 18: Electrophilic Aromatic Substitution
- Chapter 19: Carboxylic Acids and the Acidity of the OH Bond
- Chapter 2: Acids and Bases
- Chapter 20: Introduction to Carbonyl Chemistry; Organometallic Reagents; Oxidation and Reduction
- Chapter 21: Aldehydes and KetonesNucleophilic Addition
- Chapter 22: Carboxylic Acids and Their DerivativesNucleophilic Acyl Substitution
- Chapter 23: Substitution Reactions of Carbonyl Compounds at the ` Carbon
- Chapter 24: Carbonyl Condensation Reactions
- Chapter 25: Amines
- Chapter 26: CarbonCarbon Bond-Forming Reactions in Organic Synthesis
- Chapter 27: Carbohydrates
- Chapter 28: Amino Acids and Proteins
- Chapter 29: Lipids
- Chapter 3: Introduction to Organic Molecules and Functional Groups
- Chapter 30: Synthetic Polymers
- Chapter 4: Alkanes
- Chapter 5: Stereochemistry
- Chapter 6: Understanding Organic Reactions
- Chapter 7: Alkyl Halides and Nucleophilic Substitution
- Chapter 8: Alkyl Halides and Elimination Reactions
- Chapter 9: Alcohols, Ethers, and Epoxides
Organic Chemistry 3rd Edition - Solutions by Chapter
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 3rd Edition
A solid whose molecular arrangement lacks the regularly repeating long- range pattern of a crystal. (Section 12.2)
Bond dissociation enthalpy
The amount of energy required to break a bond into two radicals in the gas phase at 25°C, A!B !> A• 1 •B
A polymer that contains a large number of branches connected to the main chain of the polymer.
Acids that contain the carboxyl group —COOH. (24.4)
A state of dynamic balance in which the rate of formation of the products of a reaction from the reactants equals the rate of formation of the reactants from the products; at equilibrium the concentrations of the reactants and products remain constant. (Section 4.1;Chapter 15: Introduction)
An expression showing the chemical composition of a compound in terms of the symbols for the atoms of the elements involved. (2.6)
A shift of an equilibrium induced by an ion common to the equilibrium. For example, added Na2SO4 decreases the solubility of the slightly soluble salt BaSO4, or added NaF decreases the percent ionization of HF. (Section 17.1)
A compound containing two adjacent p bonds.
An elimination reaction involving the loss of H and a halogen (such as Cl, Br, or I).
The conversion of a thioacetal into an alkane in the presence of Raney nickel.
Incorporation of a hetero atom into a solid to change its electrical properties. For example, incorporation of P into Si. (Section 12.7)
A thermodynamic function associated with the number of different equivalent energy states or spatial arrangements in which a system may be found. It is a thermodynamic state function, which means that once we specify the conditions for a system—that is, the temperature, pressure, and so on—the entropy is defined. (Section 19.2)
A barbed curved arrow used to show the change in position of a single electron.
A voltaic cell that utilizes the oxidation of a conventional fuel, such as H2 or CH4, in the cell reaction. (Section 20.7)
An amine in which nitrogen is one of the atoms of a ring
A biomolecule isolated from plant or animal sources by extraction with nonpolar organic solvents, such as diethyl ether and hexane.
The term used to describe the wave characteristics of a moving particle. (Section 6.4)
The arrangement in space of the atoms of a molecule. (Section 9.2)
The NO+ ion, which is formed when NaNO2 is treated with HCl.
Pi (p) molecular orbital
A molecular orbital formed by overlapping parallel 2p orbitals on adjacent atoms; its electron density lies above and below the line connecting the atoms