- Chapter 1: Structure and Bonding
- Chapter 10: Alkenes
- Chapter 11: Alkynes
- Chapter 12: Oxidation and Reduction
- Chapter 13: Mass Spectrometry and Infrared Spectroscopy
- Chapter 14: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
- Chapter 15: Radical Reactions
- Chapter 16: Conjugation, Resonance, and Dienes
- Chapter 17: Benzene and Aromatic Compounds
- Chapter 18: Electrophilic Aromatic Substitution
- Chapter 19: Carboxylic Acids and the Acidity of the OH Bond
- Chapter 2: Acids and Bases
- Chapter 20: Introduction to Carbonyl Chemistry; Organometallic Reagents; Oxidation and Reduction
- Chapter 21: Aldehydes and KetonesNucleophilic Addition
- Chapter 22: Carboxylic Acids and Their DerivativesNucleophilic Acyl Substitution
- Chapter 23: Substitution Reactions of Carbonyl Compounds at the ` Carbon
- Chapter 24: Carbonyl Condensation Reactions
- Chapter 25: Amines
- Chapter 26: CarbonCarbon Bond-Forming Reactions in Organic Synthesis
- Chapter 27: Carbohydrates
- Chapter 28: Amino Acids and Proteins
- Chapter 29: Lipids
- Chapter 3: Introduction to Organic Molecules and Functional Groups
- Chapter 30: Synthetic Polymers
- Chapter 4: Alkanes
- Chapter 5: Stereochemistry
- Chapter 6: Understanding Organic Reactions
- Chapter 7: Alkyl Halides and Nucleophilic Substitution
- Chapter 8: Alkyl Halides and Elimination Reactions
- Chapter 9: Alcohols, Ethers, and Epoxides
Organic Chemistry 3rd Edition - Solutions by Chapter
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 3rd Edition
A reaction that achieves the addition of water across a double bond in the presence of an acid catalyst.
A group that is formed by removing a hydrogen atom from an alkane. (Section 25.3)
The mass of an atom in atomic mass units. (3.1)
A method for preparing primary amines that avoids the formation of secondary and tertiary amines.
boiling-point elevation (DTb).
The boiling point of the solution (Tb) minus the boiling point of the pure solvent (T° b). (12.6)
Structural isomers of coordination compounds in which the ligands within the coordination sphere differ. (Section 23.4)
Infrared (IR) spectroscopy
A spectroscopic technique in which a compound is irradiated with infrared radiation, absorption of which causes covalent bonds to change from a lower vibration state to a higher one. Infrared spectroscopy is particularly valuable for determining the kinds of functional groups present in a molecule.
A compound composed of cations and anions. (Section 2.7)
In additionreactions, the observation that the hydrogen atomis generally placed at the vinylic position alreadybearing the larger number of hydrogen atoms.
The concentration of a solution expressed as moles of solute per liter of solution; abbreviated M. (Section 4.5)
Radiation that does not have sufficient energy to remove an electron from a molecule. (Section 21.9)
Nucleophilic aromatic substitution
A reaction in which a nucleophile, most commonly a halogen, on an aromatic ring is replaced by another nucleophile.
The observation that second-row elements (C, N, O, and F) will form the necessary number of bonds so as to achieve a full valence shell (eight electrons).
An instrument for measuring the ability of a compound to rotate the plane of plane-polarized light.
probability density 1c22
A value that represents the probability that an electron will be found at a given point in space. Also called electron density. (Section 6.5)
A species formed when a neutral molecule loses one electron; it contains both an odd number of electrons and a positive charge.
retention of configuration
During a reaction, when the configuration of a chirality center remains unchanged.
Tertiary structure of proteins
The three-dimensional arrangement in space of all atoms in a single polypeptide chain.
The study of the energy of chemical structures.
A reaction that converts an aldehyde or ketone into an alkene, with the introduction of one or more carbon atoms.
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