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Solutions for Chapter 3: Introduction to Organic Molecules and Functional Groups

Organic Chemistry | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780077354725 | Authors: Janice Gorzynski Smith

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 3rd Edition

ISBN: 9780077354725

Organic Chemistry | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780077354725 | Authors: Janice Gorzynski Smith

Solutions for Chapter 3: Introduction to Organic Molecules and Functional Groups

Solutions for Chapter 3
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Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 3
Author: Janice Gorzynski Smith
ISBN: 9780077354725

Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780077354725. Chapter 3: Introduction to Organic Molecules and Functional Groups includes 46 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 3. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 46 problems in chapter 3: Introduction to Organic Molecules and Functional Groups have been answered, more than 66605 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Anti conformation

    A conformation about a single bond in which two groups on adjacent carbons lie at a dihedral angle of 180°.

  • calorie

    A unit of energy; it is the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 g of water by 1 °C from 14.5 °C to 15.5 °C. A related unit is the joule: 1 cal = 4.184 J. (Section 5.1)

  • Carbohydrate

    A polyhydroxyaldehyde, a polyhydroxyketone, or a substance that gives these compounds on hydrolysis.

  • carbon black

    A microcrystalline form of carbon. (Section 22.9)

  • carbonyl group

    The C “O double bond, a characteristic feature of several organic functional groups, such as ketones and aldehydes. (Section 24.4)

  • Claisen rearrangement

    A [3,3] sigmatropic rearrangement that is observed for allylic vinylic ethers.

  • complete ionic equation

    A chemical equation in which dissolved strong electrolytes (such as dissolved ionic compounds) are written as separate ions. (Section 4.2)

  • Condensation polymerization

    A polymerization in which chain growth occurs in a stepwise manner between difunctional monomers. Also called step-growth polymerization.

  • conduction band

    A band of molecular orbitals lying higher in energy than the occupied valence band and distinctly separated from it. (Section 12.7)

  • cycloaddition reactions

    Reactions in which two p systems are joined together in a way that forms a ring. In the process, two p bonds are converted into two s bonds.

  • delocalized molecular orbitals.

    Molecular orbitals that are not confined between two adjacent bonding atoms but actually extend over three or more atoms. (10.8)

  • exergonic

    Any process with a negative DG.

  • galvanic cell

    See voltaic cell. (Section 20.3)

  • Markovnikov addition

    In additionreactions, the observation that the hydrogen atomis generally placed at the vinylic position alreadybearing the larger number of hydrogen atoms.

  • Meisenheimer complex

    Theresonance-stabilized intermediate of a nucleophilicaromatic substitution reaction.

  • phospholipid

    A form of lipid molecule that contains charged phosphate groups. (Section 24.9)

  • Planck constant (h)

    The constant that relates the energy and frequency of a photon, E = hn. Its value is 6.626 * 10-34 J@s. (Section 6.2)

  • Ring current

    An applied magnetic fi eld causes the p electrons of an aromatic ring to circulate, giving rise to the so-called ring current and an associated magnetic fi eld that opposes the applied fi eld in the middle of the ring but reinforces the applied fi eld on the outside of the ring.

  • Sandmeyer reactions

    Reactions that utilize copper salts (CuX) and enable the installation of a halogen or a cyano group on an aromatic ring.

  • torsional strain

    The difference in energy between staggered and eclipsed conformations (for example, in ethane).

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