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Solutions for Chapter 4: Alkanes

Organic Chemistry | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780077354725 | Authors: Janice Gorzynski Smith

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 3rd Edition

ISBN: 9780077354725

Organic Chemistry | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780077354725 | Authors: Janice Gorzynski Smith

Solutions for Chapter 4: Alkanes

Solutions for Chapter 4
4 5 0 406 Reviews
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Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 3
Author: Janice Gorzynski Smith
ISBN: 9780077354725

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 3. Since 71 problems in chapter 4: Alkanes have been answered, more than 71767 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780077354725. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 4: Alkanes includes 71 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • a-Carbon

    A carbon atom adjacent to a carbonyl group

  • alkaline earth metals

    Members of group 2A in the periodic table. (Section 7.7)

  • buffer capacity

    The amount of acid or base a buffer can neutralize before the pH begins to change appreciably. (Section 17.2)

  • C terminus

    For a peptide chain,the end that contains the COOH group. carbinolamine (Sect. 20.6): A compound containing a hydroxyl group (OH) and a nitrogen atom, both of which are connceted to the same carbon atom.

  • catalytic hydrogenation

    A reaction that involves the addition of molecular hydrogen (H2) across a double bond in the presence of a metal catalyst.

  • cathode.

    The electrode at which reduction occurs. (18.2)

  • chemically equivalent

    In NMR spectroscopy, protons (or carbon atoms) that occupy identical electronic environments and produce only one signal.

  • coordination compound.

    A neutral species containing one or more complex ions. (23.3)

  • crystallite

    A region of a polymer inwhich the chains are linearly extended and closein proximity to one another, resulting in van der Waals forces that hold the chains close together.

  • Decarboxylation

    Loss of CO2 from a carboxyl group.

  • diastereomers

    Stereoisomers that are not mirror images of one another.

  • d–d transition

    The transition of an electron in a transition-metal compound from a lower-energy d orbital to a higher-energy d orbital. (Section 23.6)

  • equilibrium-constant expression

    The expression that describes the relationship among the concentrations (or partial pressures) of the substances present in a system at equilibrium. The numerator is obtained by multiplying the concentrations of the substances on the product side of the equation, each raised to a power equal to its coefficient in the chemical equation. The denominator similarly contains the concentrations of the substances on the reactant side of the equation. (Section 15.2)

  • estrogens

    Female sex hormones.

  • hydration

    Solvation when the solvent is water. (Section 13.1)

  • molal freezing-point-depression constant (Kf)

    A constant characteristic of a particular solvent that gives the decrease in freezing point as a function of solution molality: ?Tf = -Kf m. (Section 13.5)

  • racemic mixture

    A solution containing equal amounts of both enantiomers.

  • S

    A term used to designate the configuration of a chirality center, determined in the following way: Each of the four groups is assigned a priority, and the molecule is then rotated (if necessary) so that the #4 group is directed behind the page (on a dash). A counterclockwise sequence for 1-2-3 is designated as S.

  • sp Hybrid orbitaL

    A hybrid atomic orbital formed by the combination of one s atomic orbital and one 2p atomic orbital.

  • Thermoset plastic

    A polymer that can be molded when it is fi rst prepared, but once cooled, hardens irreversibly and cannot be remelted.