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Solutions for Chapter 12: Oxidation and Reduction

Organic Chemistry | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780077354725 | Authors: Janice Gorzynski Smith

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 3rd Edition

ISBN: 9780077354725

Organic Chemistry | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780077354725 | Authors: Janice Gorzynski Smith

Solutions for Chapter 12: Oxidation and Reduction

Solutions for Chapter 12
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Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 3
Author: Janice Gorzynski Smith
ISBN: 9780077354725

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 3. Chapter 12: Oxidation and Reduction includes 70 full step-by-step solutions. Since 70 problems in chapter 12: Oxidation and Reduction have been answered, more than 221478 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780077354725. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • anode.

    The electrode at which oxidation occurs. (18.2)

  • anti-periplanar

    A conformation in which a hydrogen atom and a leaving group are separated by a dihedral angle of approximately 180°.

  • atomic mass unit (amu).

    A mass exactly equal to 1 12th the mass of one carbon-12 atom. (3.1)

  • buffer solution.

    A solution of (a) a weak acid or base and (b) its salt; both components must be present. The solution has the ability to resist changes in pH upon the addition of small amounts of either acid or base. (16.3)

  • chemical bond

    A strong attractive force that exists between atoms in a molecule. (Section 8.1)

  • concentration cell

    A voltaic cell containing the same electrolyte and the same electrode materials in both the anode and cathode compartments. The emf of the cell is derived from a difference in the concentrations of the same electrolyte solutions in the compartments. (Section 20.6)

  • Crown ether

    A cyclic polyether derived from ethylene glycol and substituted ethylene glycols.

  • E1

    A unimolecular b-elimination reaction

  • electrolyte

    A solute that produces ions in solution; an electrolytic solution conducts an electric current. (Section 4.1)

  • Electromagnetic radiation

    Light and other forms of radiant energy.

  • electrospray ionization (ESI):

    In mass spectrometry, an ionization technique in which the compound is first dissolved in a solvent and then sprayed via a high-voltage needle into a vacuum chamber. The tiny droplets of solution become charged by the needle, and subsequent evaporation forms gas-phase molecular ions that typically carry one or more charges.

  • entropy

    A thermodynamic function associated with the number of different equivalent energy states or spatial arrangements in which a system may be found. It is a thermodynamic state function, which means that once we specify the conditions for a system—that is, the temperature, pressure, and so on—the entropy is defined. (Section 19.2)

  • mass spectrometry

    The study ofthe interaction between matter and an energysource other than electromagnetic radiation. Massspectrometry is used primarily to determine the molecular weight and molecular formula of a compound.

  • nucleophilic acyl substitution

    A reaction in which a nucleophile attacks a carboxylic acid derivative.

  • Plane of symmetry

    An imaginary plane passing through an object dividing it so that one half is the mirror image of the other half

  • Plastic

    A polymer that can be molded when hot and retains its shape when cooled

  • Quaternary structure

    The arrangement of polypeptide monomers into a noncovalently bonded aggregate.

  • radical initiator

    A compound with a weak bond that undergoes homolytic bond cleavage with great ease, producing radicals that can initiate a radical chain process.

  • stereoselective

    A reaction in which one substrate produces two stereoisomers in unequal amounts.

  • Tertiary (3°) amine

    An amine in which nitrogen is bonded to three carbons