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Solutions for Chapter 15: Radical Reactions

Organic Chemistry | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780077354725 | Authors: Janice Gorzynski Smith

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 3rd Edition

ISBN: 9780077354725

Organic Chemistry | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780077354725 | Authors: Janice Gorzynski Smith

Solutions for Chapter 15: Radical Reactions

Solutions for Chapter 15
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Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 3
Author: Janice Gorzynski Smith
ISBN: 9780077354725

Since 73 problems in chapter 15: Radical Reactions have been answered, more than 221478 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 15: Radical Reactions includes 73 full step-by-step solutions. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780077354725. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 3. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Acylium ion

    A resonance-stabilized cation with the structure [RC"O]1 or [ArC"O]1. The positive charge is delocalized over both the carbonyl carbon and the carbonyl oxygen.

  • Alkene metathesis

    A reaction in which two alkenes interchange the carbons attached to their double bonds.

  • alkoxy substituent

    An OR group.

  • allylic carbocation

    A carbocation in which the positive charge is adjacent to a carbon-carbon double bond.

  • amphiprotic

    Refers to the capacity of a substance to either add or lose a proton 1H+2. (Section 16.2)

  • Beer’s law

    The light absorbed by a substance (A) equals the product of its extinction coefficient 1e2, the path length through which the light passes (b), and the molar concentration of the substance (c): A = ebc. (Section 14.2)

  • Clemmensen reduction

    Reduction of the C"O group of an aldehyde or ketone to a CH2 group using Zn(Hg) and HCl

  • coordination number

    The number of adjacent atoms to which an atom is directly bonded. In a complex the coordination number of the metal ion is the number of donor atoms to which it is bonded. (Sections 12.37 and 24.2)

  • denaturation

    A process during which a protein unfolds under conditions of mild heating.

  • diborane

    B2H6. A dimeric structure formed when one borane molecule reacts with another.

  • divalent

    An element that forms two bonds, such as oxygen.

  • half-life

    The time required for the concentration of a reactant substance to decrease to half its initial value; the time required for half of a sample of a particular radioisotope to decay. (Sections 14.4 and 21.4)

  • Hammond’s postulate

    The structure of the transition state for an exothermic step looks more like the reactants of that step than the products. Conversely, the structure of the transition state for an endothermic step looks more like the products of that step than the reactants.

  • homolitic bond cleavage

    Bond breaking that results in the formation of unchanged species called radicals.

  • isoprene

    2-Methyl-1,3-butadiene.

  • ligand

    An ion or molecule that coordinates to a metal atom or to a metal ion to form a complex. (Section 23.2)

  • period

    The row of elements that lie in a horizontal row in the periodic table. (Section 2.5)

  • phospholipid

    A form of lipid molecule that contains charged phosphate groups. (Section 24.9)

  • radionuclide

    A radioactive nuclide. (Section 21.1)

  • sp2 Hybrid orbital

    A hybrid atomic orbital formed by the combination of one s atomic orbital and two 2p atomic orbitals.