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Solutions for Chapter 20: Introduction to Carbonyl Chemistry; Organometallic Reagents; Oxidation and Reduction

Organic Chemistry | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780077354725 | Authors: Janice Gorzynski Smith

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 3rd Edition

ISBN: 9780077354725

Organic Chemistry | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780077354725 | Authors: Janice Gorzynski Smith

Solutions for Chapter 20: Introduction to Carbonyl Chemistry; Organometallic Reagents; Oxidation and Reduction

Solutions for Chapter 20
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Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 3
Author: Janice Gorzynski Smith
ISBN: 9780077354725

Since 75 problems in chapter 20: Introduction to Carbonyl Chemistry; Organometallic Reagents; Oxidation and Reduction have been answered, more than 70876 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780077354725. Chapter 20: Introduction to Carbonyl Chemistry; Organometallic Reagents; Oxidation and Reduction includes 75 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 3.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Atropisomers

    Enantiomers that lack a chiral center and differ because of hindered rotation.

  • carbocation

    An intermediate containing a positively charged carbon atom.

  • conjugated diene

    A compound inwhich two carbon-carbon p bonds are separated from each other by exactly one s bond.

  • denaturation

    A process during which a protein unfolds under conditions of mild heating.

  • dimensional analysis

    A method of problem solving in which units are carried through all calculations. Dimensional analysis ensures that the final answer of a calculation has the desired units. (Section 1.6)

  • exothermic process

    A process in which a system releases heat to its surroundings. (Section 5.2)

  • first law of thermodynamics

    A statement that energy is conserved in any process. One way to express the law is that the change in internal energy, ?E, of a system in any process is equal to the heat, q, added to the system, plus the work, w, done on the system by its surroundings: ?E = q + w. (Section 5.2)

  • gas constant (R)

    The constant of proportionality in the ideal-gas equation. (Section 10.4)

  • Haloalkene (vinylic halide)

    A compound containing a halogen atom bonded to one of the carbons of a carbon-carbon double bond.

  • Hammond’s postulate

    The structure of the transition state for an exothermic step looks more like the reactants of that step than the products. Conversely, the structure of the transition state for an endothermic step looks more like the products of that step than the reactants.

  • integration

    In 1H NMR spectroscopy, the area under a signal indicates the number of protons giving rise to the signal.

  • intermolecular forces

    The short-range attractive forces operating between the particles that make up the units of a liquid or solid substance. These same forces also cause gases to liquefy or solidify at low temperatures and high pressures. (Chapter 11: Introduction)

  • locant

    In nomenclature, a numberused to identify the location of a substituent.

  • Mass spectrum

    A plot of the relative abundance of ions versus their mass-to-charge ratio

  • metallic character

    The extent to which an element exhibits the physical and chemical properties characteristic of metals, for example, luster, malleability, ductility, and good thermal and electrical conductivity. (Section 7.6)

  • Nitrile

    A compound containing a !C#N (cyano) group bonded to a carbon atom.

  • nomenclature

    A system for naming organic compounds.

  • spontaneous process

    A process that is capable of proceeding in a given direction, as written or described, without needing to be driven by an outside source of energy. A process may be spontaneous even though it is very slow. (Section 19.1)

  • vinylic carbocation

    A carbocation in which the positive charge resides on a vinylic carbon atom. This type of carbocation is very unstable and will not readily form in most cases.

  • wavelength

    The distance between adjacent peaks of an oscillating magnetic or electric field.

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