- 3.3-1: An operational amplifier has output mltage limits of -+ 13 Vand -14...
- 3.3-2: The common mode rejection ratio is important for comp"rators and ot...
- 3.3-3: For a comparator with output voltage limits of ::<:-13V. what would...
- 3.3-4: An operational amplifier with an open-loop gain of 1.0 X Ioj and an...
- 3.3-5: By means of a derivation. show that the output voltage v" and the i...
- 3.3-6: For the circuit shown in Prohlcm 3-5, it is desired that llo = 3.51...
- 3.3-7: In the following circuit. R is a variable resistor. Derive an equat...
- 3.3-8: An operational amplifier to be used in a current follower has an op...
- 3.3-9: An operational amplifier to be used in an inverting amplifier confi...
- 3.3-10: A low-frequency sine wave voltage is the input to the following cir...
- 3.3-11: Calculate the slew rate and the rise time for an operational amplif...
- 3.3-12: Design a circuit having an output given by -\1;, = 3\1; + W, - 6V,
- 3.3-13: Design a circuit for calculating the average value of three input v...
- 3.3-14: Design a circuit to perforn the following calculation
- 3.3-15: Design a circuit to perforn the following function
- 3.3-16: (a) write an expression that gives the output voltage in terms of t...
- 3.3-17: Show the algebraic relationship between the output voltage and inpu...
- 3.3-18: For the circuit below, sketch the outputs at V,,-, and v,," if the ...
- 3.3-19: Derive an expression for the output voltage of the ff circuit.
- 3.3-20: Show that when the four reSistances are equal. the following circui...
- 3.3-21: The linear slide wire AS in the circuit shown has a length of 100 e...
- 3.3-22: Design a circuit that will produce the following output:
- 3.3-23: Design a circuit that will produce the following output:
- 3.3-24: Plot the output voltage of an integrator I, J. 5. and 7 s after the...
- 3.3-25: The circuit shown below is an integrating type of differentiator ba...
Solutions for Chapter 3: Operational Amplifiers in Chemical Instrumentation
Full solutions for Principles of Instrumental Analysis | 6th Edition
The product formed when the !CHO group of an aldose is oxidized to a !COOH group
A conformation in which a hydrogen atom and a leaving group are separated by a dihedral angle of exactly 180°.
A three-dimensional plot of y2 of a wavefunction. It is a region of space that can accommodate electron density.
Avogadro’s number (NA).
6.022 3 1023; the number of particles in a mole. (3.2)
bonding atomic radius
The radius of an atom as defined by the distances separating it from other atoms to which it is chemically bonded. (Section 7.3)
conjugate acid-base pair.
An acid and its conjugate base or a base and its conjugate acid. (15.1)
A bond that results when two atoms share a pair of electrons.
The attraction between the positive end of one dipole and the negative end of another.
A reaction that produces one enantiomer in preference to the other.
Fischer esterifi cation
The process of forming an ester by refl uxing a carboxylic acid and an alcohol in the presence of an acid catalyst, commonly H2SO4, ArSO3H, or HCl
An effect that explains why alkyl groups stabilize a carbocation.
A bond that results from the force of attraction between two oppositely charged ions.
A compound thatrotates plane-polarized light in a counterclockwisedirection (-).
An assembly of a metal ion and the Lewis bases bonded to it. (Section 23.2)
molecular orbital (MO)
An allowed state for an electron in a molecule. According to molecular-orbital theory, a molecular orbital is entirely analogous to an atomic orbital, which is an allowed state for an electron in an atom. Most bonding molecular orbitals can be classified as s or p, depending on the disposition of electron density with respect to the internuclear axis. (Section 9.7)
A nucleoside in which a molecule of phosphoric acid is esterifi ed with an !OH of the monosaccharide, most commonly either the 39!OH or the 59!OH.
A positively charged subatomic particle found in the nucleus of an atom. (Section 2.3)
sigma (s) bond
A bond that is characterized by circular symmetry with respect to the bond axis.
Compounds containing silicon and oxygen, structurally based on SiO4 tetrahedra. (Section 22.10)
A bimolecular nucleophilic substitution reaction.