- 4.4-1: Convert each of the following decimal numbers to its binary equival...
- 4.4-2: Convert each of the decimal numbers in Prohlem 4-1 into binary-code...
- 4.4-3: Based on your results in 4-1 and 4-2, which is more efficient in ex...
- 4.4-4: Convert each of the following binary numbers into its decimal equiv...
- 4.4-5: Convert each of the following BCD numbers into its decimal equivale...
- 4.4-6: Based on your results in 4-4 and 4-5, which of the two coding schem...
- 4.4-7: 7 Perform the following calculations using binary numbers and conve...
- 4.4-8: hrec ADCs all have a range of 0 to 10 V and a digitization uncertai...
- 4.4-9: Repeat 4-8 if a I-V signal is being digitized with the same three A...
- 4.4-10: The maximum percentage error of a voltage processed by an ADC is gi...
- 4.4-11: ADCs digitize at different rates. What conversion rate is required ...
- 4.4-12: According to the Nyquist sampling criterion (see Section 5C-2), a s...
- 4.4-13: Use a search engine such as Google to find information about Gordon...
Solutions for Chapter 4: Digital Electronics and Computers
Full solutions for Principles of Instrumental Analysis | 6th Edition
The lowest attainable temperature; 0 K on the Kelvin scale and -273.15 °C on the Celsius scale. (Section 1.4)
An aldol addition followed by dehydration to give an a,bunsaturated ketone or aldehyde.
A format for naming primary amines containing a complex alkyl group.
base-dissociation constant (Kb)
An equilibrium constant that expresses the extent to which a base reacts with solvent water, accepting a proton and forming OH-1aq2. (Section 16.7)
A polymerization in which chain growth occurs in a stepwise manner between difunctional monomers. Also called step-growth polymerization.
An elimination reaction involving the loss of H and a halogen (such as Cl, Br, or I).
Stereoisomers that are not mirror images of one another.
A compound containing an electron-deficient atom that is capable of accepting a pair of electrons.
A derivative of a carboxylic acid in which H of the carboxyl group is replaced by a carbon.
Fischer esterifi cation
The process of forming an ester by refl uxing a carboxylic acid and an alcohol in the presence of an acid catalyst, commonly H2SO4, ArSO3H, or HCl
An amorphous solid formed by fusion of SiO2, CaO, and Na2O. Other oxides may also be used to form glasses with differing characteristics. (Section 22.10)
heterolytic bond cleavage
Bond breaking that results in the formation of ions.
molecular orbital (MO)
An allowed state for an electron in a molecule. According to molecular-orbital theory, a molecular orbital is entirely analogous to an atomic orbital, which is an allowed state for an electron in an atom. Most bonding molecular orbitals can be classified as s or p, depending on the disposition of electron density with respect to the internuclear axis. (Section 9.7)
A naturally occurring mixture of gaseous hydrocarbon compounds composed of hydrogen and carbon. (Section 5.8)
A rule stating that the molecular ion of a compound with an odd number of nitrogen atoms has an odd m/z ratio; if zero or an even number of nitrogen atoms, the molecular ion has an even m/z ratio
A group derived by removing an H from benzene; abbreviated C6H5! or Ph!.
specific heat 1Cs2
The heat capacity of 1 g of a substance; the heat required to raise the temperature of 1 g of a substance by 1 °C. (Section 5.5)
For a chiral compound that is subjected to plane-polarized light, the observed rotation when a standard concentration (1 g/mL) and a standard path length (1 dm) are used.
The study of how energy is distributed under the influence of entropy. For chemists, the thermodynamics of a reaction specifically refers to the study of the relative energy levels of reactants and products.
Highly crosslinked polymers that are generally very hard and insoluble.