- 8.8-1: Why is the CaOH spectrum in Figure 8-8 so much broader than the bar...
- 8.8-2: What is the resonance fluorescence?
- 8.8-3: Under what conditions can a Stokes shift (see Section 6C-6) occur i...
- 8.8-4: What determines natural line widths for atomic emission and absorpt...
- 8.8-5: In a hot flame, the emission intensities of the sodium lines at 589...
- 8.8-6: The intensity of a line for atomic Cs is much lower in a natural ga...
- 8.8-7: Name a continuous type and a discrete type of atomizer that are use...
- 8.8-8: The Doppler effect is one of the sources of the line broadening in ...
- 8.8-9: For Na' and Mg' ions, compare the ratios of the number of ions in t...
- 8.8-10: In high-temperature sources, sodium atoms emit a doublet with an av...
- 8.8-11: In the concentration range of 500 to 2000 ppm of U, there is a line...
- 8.8-12: In a study of line broadening mechanisms in low-pressure laser-indu...
Solutions for Chapter 8: An Introduction to Optical Atomic .Spectrometry
Full solutions for Principles of Instrumental Analysis | 6th Edition
Reactions that are characterized by the addition of two groups across a double bond. In the process, the pi (p) bond is broken.
Any reaction in which an atom or group of atoms is substituted for another atom or group of atoms at an allylic carbon.
A substance that is an H+ acceptor; a base produces an excess of OH-1aq2 ions when it dissolves in water. (Section 4.3)
The cycle that relates lattice energies of ionic compounds to ionization energies, electron affinities, heats of sublimation and formation, and bond enthalpies. (9.3)
The process by which a metal is oxidized by substances in its environment. (Section 20.8)
crystalline solid (crystal)
A solid whose internal arrangement of atoms, molecules, or ions possesses a regularly repeating pattern in any direction through the solid. (Section 12.2)
Tools that are used for drawing resonance structures and for showing the flow of electron density during each step of a reaction mechanism.
In electrocyclicreactions, a type of rotation in which the orbitalsbeing used to form the new s bond must rotate in opposite directions (one rotates clockwise while the other rotates counterclockwise).
Any process with a positive DH (the system receives energy from the surroundings).
The region of an IR spectrum that contains signals resulting from the vibrational excitation of most single bonds (stretching and bending).
A method forpreparing primary amines that avoids formation of secondary and tertiary amines.
An amorphous solid formed by fusion of SiO2, CaO, and Na2O. Other oxides may also be used to form glasses with differing characteristics. (Section 22.10)
The force that exists between an ion and a neutral polar molecule that possesses a permanent dipole moment. (Section 11.2)
nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)
A form of spectroscopy that involves the study of the interaction between electromagnetic radiation and the nuclei of atoms.
Having no net overlap.
The removal of an electron from an atom or molecule by absorption of light. (Section 18.2)
For radical reactions,the steps whose sum gives the net chemical reaction.
The base-catalyzed hydrolysis of an ester. This method is used to make soap.
Shielding in NMR
Also called diamagnetic shielding; the term refers to the reduction in magnetic fi eld strength experienced by a nucleus underneath electron density induced to circulate when the molecule is placed in a strong magnetic fi eld.
An ether (R!O!R) where both R groups are identical.
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