- 8.8-1: Why is the CaOH spectrum in Figure 8-8 so much broader than the bar...
- 8.8-2: What is the resonance fluorescence?
- 8.8-3: Under what conditions can a Stokes shift (see Section 6C-6) occur i...
- 8.8-4: What determines natural line widths for atomic emission and absorpt...
- 8.8-5: In a hot flame, the emission intensities of the sodium lines at 589...
- 8.8-6: The intensity of a line for atomic Cs is much lower in a natural ga...
- 8.8-7: Name a continuous type and a discrete type of atomizer that are use...
- 8.8-8: The Doppler effect is one of the sources of the line broadening in ...
- 8.8-9: For Na' and Mg' ions, compare the ratios of the number of ions in t...
- 8.8-10: In high-temperature sources, sodium atoms emit a doublet with an av...
- 8.8-11: In the concentration range of 500 to 2000 ppm of U, there is a line...
- 8.8-12: In a study of line broadening mechanisms in low-pressure laser-indu...
Solutions for Chapter 8: An Introduction to Optical Atomic .Spectrometry
Full solutions for Principles of Instrumental Analysis | 6th Edition
Rainwater that has become excessively acidic because of absorption of pollutant oxides, notably SO3, produced by human activities. (Section 18.2)
A compound containing a !CHO group
alpha (a) anomer
The cyclic hemiacetal of an aldose in which the hydroxyl group at the anomeric position is trans to the CH2OH
The difference between the numbers of electrons in bonding molecular orbitals and antibonding molecular orbitals, divided by two. (10.7)
A polymer that is constructed from more than one repeating unit.
The amount of fissionable material necessary to maintain a nuclear chain reaction. (Section 21.7)
A compound that reacts with a diene in a Diels-Alder reaction.
The gradual mixing of molecules of one gas with the molecules of another by virtue of their kinetic properties. (5.7)
Water that contains appreciable concentrations of Ca2 + and Mg 2 + ; these ions react with soaps to form an insoluble material. (Section 18.4)
The quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of a sample of matter by 1 °C (or 1 K). (Section 5.5)
A spherical arrangement of organic molecules in water solution clustered so that their hydrophobic parts are buried inside the sphere and their hydrophilic parts are on the surface of the sphere and in contact with water
Points in an atom at which the electron density is zero. For example, the node in a 2s orbital is a spherical surface. (Section 6.6)
pi 1P2 bond
A covalent bond in which electron density is concentrated above and below the internuclear axis. (Section 9.6)
probability density 1c22
A value that represents the probability that an electron will be found at a given point in space. Also called electron density. (Section 6.5)
A process in which heat converts a mineral in an ore from one chemical form to another and eventually to the free metal. (Section 23.2)
Secondary (2°) amine
An amine in which nitrogen is bonded to two carbons and one hydrogen
In NMR spectroscopy,protons or carbon atoms whose surrounding electron density is rich.
A unimolecular nucleophilic substitution reaction.
A term used to indicate that exactly three alkyl groups are attached directly to a particular position. For example, a tertiary carbocation has three alkyl groups attached directly to the electrophilic carbon atom (C+).
Reduction of the C"O group of an aldehyde or ketone to a CH2 group using hydrazine and a base. Ylide (Section 16.6)