- 10.10-1: What is an internal standard and why is it used'?
- 10.10-2: Why arc atomic emission methods with an ICP source better suited fo...
- 10.10-3: Why do ion lines predominate in spark spectra and atom lines in arc...
- 10.10-4: Calculate the theoretical reciprocal linear dispersion of an echell...
- 10.10-5: Why arc arc sources often blanketed with a stream of an inert gas'
- 10.10-6: Describe three ways of introducing a sample into an ICP torch
- 10.10-7: What arc the relative advantages and disadvantages of fCP torches a...
- 10.10-8: Why are ionization interferences less severe in ICP than in flame e...
- 10.10-9: What arc some of the advantages of plasma sources compared with fla...
- 10.10-10: Why is the internal-standard method often used in plasma emissionsp...
- 10.10-11: The chromium in a series of steel samples was determined by fCP emi...
- 10.10-12: Gold can be determined in solutions containing high concentrations ...
- 10.10-13: Nakahara and Wasa determined germanium in meteorites by ICP-AES usi...
- 10.10-14: Watters et al. have discussed uncertainties associated with calibra...
Solutions for Chapter 10: Atomic Emission Spectrometry
Full solutions for Principles of Instrumental Analysis | 6th Edition
A monosaccharide containing an aldehyde group
Naturally occurring amines isolated from plants.
The cycle that relates lattice energies of ionic compounds to ionization energies, electron affinities, heats of sublimation and formation, and bond enthalpies. (9.3)
A reaction (generally involving radicals) in which one chemical entity can ultimately cause a chemical transformation for thousands of molecules.
conservation of orbital symmetry
During a reaction, the requirement that the phases of the frontier MOs must be aligned.
The number of adjacent atoms to which an atom is directly bonded. In a complex the coordination number of the metal ion is the number of donor atoms to which it is bonded. (Sections 12.37 and 24.2)
critical temperature (Tc).
The temperature above which a gas will not liquefy. (11.8)
Repelled by a magnet; a diamagnetic substance contains only paired electrons. (7.8)
elimination (of radicals)
In radical reaction mechanisms, a step in which a bond forms between the alpha (a) and beta (b) positions. As a result, a single bond at the b position is cleaved, causing the compound to fragment into two pieces.
A compound containing a nitrogen atom directly connected to a carboncarbon p bond.
The region of an IR spectrum that contains signals resulting from the vibrational excitation of most single bonds (stretching and bending).
heterolytic bond cleavage
Bond breaking that results in the formation of ions.
An OH group.
An instrument used to measure the precise masses and relative amounts of atomic and molecular ions. (Section 2.4)
Melt transition (Tm)
The temperature at which crystalline regions of a polymer melt.
An intermediate that is believed to be formed during Wittig reactions.
The structure of a protein resulting from the clustering of several individual protein chains into a final specific shape. (Section 24.7)
Compounds containing silicon and oxygen, structurally based on SiO4 tetrahedra. (Section 22.10)
A reaction in which one stereoisomer is formed in preference to all others. A stereoselective reaction may be enantioselective or diastereoselective, as the case may be.
Williamson ether synthesis
A method for preparing an ether from an alkoxide ion and an alkyl halide (via an SN2 process).
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