- 10.10-1: What is an internal standard and why is it used'?
- 10.10-2: Why arc atomic emission methods with an ICP source better suited fo...
- 10.10-3: Why do ion lines predominate in spark spectra and atom lines in arc...
- 10.10-4: Calculate the theoretical reciprocal linear dispersion of an echell...
- 10.10-5: Why arc arc sources often blanketed with a stream of an inert gas'
- 10.10-6: Describe three ways of introducing a sample into an ICP torch
- 10.10-7: What arc the relative advantages and disadvantages of fCP torches a...
- 10.10-8: Why are ionization interferences less severe in ICP than in flame e...
- 10.10-9: What arc some of the advantages of plasma sources compared with fla...
- 10.10-10: Why is the internal-standard method often used in plasma emissionsp...
- 10.10-11: The chromium in a series of steel samples was determined by fCP emi...
- 10.10-12: Gold can be determined in solutions containing high concentrations ...
- 10.10-13: Nakahara and Wasa determined germanium in meteorites by ICP-AES usi...
- 10.10-14: Watters et al. have discussed uncertainties associated with calibra...
Solutions for Chapter 10: Atomic Emission Spectrometry
Full solutions for Principles of Instrumental Analysis | 6th Edition
activation energy (Ea)
The minimum energy needed for reaction; the height of the energy barrier to formation of products. (Section 14.5)
A conformation in which a hydrogen atom and a leaving group are separated by a dihedral angle of approximately 180°.
A type of polypeptide secondary structure in which sections of polypeptide chains are aligned parallel or antiparallel to one another.
A nucleophilic acyl substitution reaction in which the nucleophile is an ester enolate and the electrophile is an ester.
A spectrum that contains radiation distributed over all wavelengths. (Section 6.3)
crystal field splitting (D).
The energy difference between two sets of d orbitals in a metal atom when ligands are present. (23.5)
Stereoisomers that are not mirror images of each other; refers to relationships among two or more objects
B2H6. A dimeric structure formed when one borane molecule reacts with another.
A material that can undergo a substantial change in shape via stretching, bending, or compression and return to its original shape upon release of the distorting force. (Section 12.6)
A reaction that produces one enantiomer in preference to the other.
The highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) and lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) that participate in a reaction.
The lowest energy state of a system.
When orbitals of equal energy are available but there are not enough electrons to fi ll all of them completely, one electron is put in each before a second electron is added to any
Radiation that has sufficient energy to remove an electron from a molecule, thereby ionizing it. (Section 21.9)
The sign of the wave function at particular coordinates in space, either plus or minus. Phasing is often represented by colors, such as red or blue
A measure of the energy absorbed from radiation by tissue or other biological material; 1 rad = transfer of 1 * 10-2 J of energy per kilogram of material. (Section 21.9)
standard atomic weight
The weighted averages for each element, which takes into account isotopic abundance.
A reaction that obeys conservation of orbital symmetry.
An addition reaction in which two groups are added to the same face of a p bond.
A term used to describe two identical groups attached to adjacent carbon atoms.