- 23.23-1: What is meant by nernstian behavior of an indicator electrode?
- 23.23-2: What is the source of the alkaline error in pH measurement with a g...
- 23.23-3: Compare the average temperature coefficients in the range of 15"C t...
- 23.23-4: 4 What occurs when the pH-sensiti\'e tip of a newly manufactured gl...
- 23.23-5: Differentiate between an electrode of the first kind and an electro...
- 23.23-6: How does a gas sensing differ from membrane electrudes?
- 23.23-7: What is the source of(a) the asymmetry potential in a membrane elec...
- 23.23-8: List several sources of uncertainty in pH measurements with a glass...
- 23.23-9: What is an ionophore? What is the purpose of ionophores in membrane...
- 23.23-10: List the advantages and disadvantages of a potentiometric titration...
- 23.23-11: What is the operational definition of pH and how is it used?
- 23.23-12: What are the advantages of microfabricated ion-selective electrodes...
- 23.23-13: Calculate the theoretical potential of the following cells. ([n eac...
- 23.23-14: (a) Calculate the standard potential for the reactionCuBr(s) + e-;=...
- 23.23-15: (a) Calculate the standard potential for the reactionAg,AsO,(s) + 3...
- 23.23-16: The following cell was used for the determination of pCrO,:SCE!!CrO...
- 23.23-17: The following cell was used to determine the pSO, of a solution:SCE...
- 23.23-18: The formation constant for the mercury(lI) acetate complex isHg(OAc...
- 23.23-19: The standard electrode potential for the reduction of the Cu(lI) co...
- 23.23-20: This AgIAgCl(sat'd)IIH+(a = x)lglass electrode has a potential of -...
- 23.23-21: The following cell was found to have a potential of 0.124 V:AgIAgCI...
- 23.23-22: The following cell was found to have a potential of -1.007 V:SCEIIX...
- 23.23-23: The following cell was found to have a potential of -0.492 V:AgIAgC...
- 23.23-24: A 40.00-mL aliquot of 0.0500 M HNO, is diluted to 75.0 mL and titra...
- 23.23-25: The following cell was found to have a potential of 0.2897 V:SCEIIM...
- 23.23-26: A 0.400-g sample of toothpaste was boiled with a 50-mL solution con...
- 23.23-27: Ceresa, Pretsch, and Bakker44 investigated three ion-selective elec...
Solutions for Chapter 23: Potentiometry
Full solutions for Principles of Instrumental Analysis | 6th Edition
(n 1 1) rule
If a hydrogen has n hydrogens nonequivalent to it but equivalent among themselves on the same or adjacent atom(s), its 1 H!NMR signal is split into (n 1 1) peaks
A two-step process that achieves Markovnikov addition of an alcohol (H and OR) across an alkene. The product of this process is an ether.
Antibonding molecular orbital
A molecular orbital in which electrons have a higher energy than they would in isolated atomic orbitals
Avogadro’s number (NA)
The number of 12C atoms in exactly 12 g of 12C; it equals 6.022 * 1023 mol-1. (Section 3.4)
base-dissociation constant (Kb)
An equilibrium constant that expresses the extent to which a base reacts with solvent water, accepting a proton and forming OH-1aq2. (Section 16.7)
An sp3 -hybridized carbon bonded to a benzene ring
A form of carbon produced when wood is heated strongly in a deficiency of air. (Section 22.9)
A property of a solvent (vapor-pressure lowering, freezing-point lowering, boiling-point elevation, osmotic pressure) that depends on the total concentration of solute particles present. (Section 13.5)
A material that can undergo a substantial change in shape via stretching, bending, or compression and return to its original shape upon release of the distorting force. (Section 12.6)
electron impact ionization (EI)
In mass spectrometry, an ionization technique that involves bombarding a compoundwith high-energy electrons.
The process by which a protein adopts its biologically active shape. (Section 24.7)
See voltaic cell. (Section 20.3)
Gibbs free energy (G)
The ultimate arbiter of the spontaneity of a reaction, where DG = DH - T DS.
Heterolytic bond cleavage
Cleavage of a bond so that one fragment retains both electrons and the other retains none.
In radical reactions, a type of arrow-pushing pattern in which a hydrogen atom is abstracted by a radical, generating a new radical.
mean free path
The average distance traveled by a gas molecule between collisions. (Section 10.8)
A positively charged subatomic particle found in the nucleus of an atom. (Section 2.3)
The preferred metric units for use in science. (Section 1.4)
The study of the interaction between matter and electromagnetic radiation.
A compound or region of a compound that is very bulky.