- 33.33-1: List sequentially a set of laboratory unit operations that might be...
- 33.33-2: Sketch a flow injection system that could be used for the determina...
- 33.33-3: Design a flow injection system for determining lead in the aqueous ...
- 33.33-4: Compare and contrast continuous flow and discrete automated systems...
- 33.33-5: Give the advantages and disadvantages of sequential injection analy...
- 33.33-6: Lab-on-a-chip technology is used in several analyzers made by Agile...
- 33.33-7: Sketch a flow injection apparatus for the determination of sodium s...
- 33.33-8: Sketch a flow diagram (indicating columns, detectors, and switching...
- 33.33-9: Lawrence, Deo, and Wang (Anal. Chern., 2004, 76,3735) have describe...
Solutions for Chapter 33: Automated Methods of Analysis
Full solutions for Principles of Instrumental Analysis | 6th Edition
activation energy (Ea).
The minimum amount of energy required to initiate a chemical reaction. (13.4)
alpha (a) helix
For proteins, a feature of secondary structure that forms when a portion of the protein twists into a spiral.
A reaction in which a molecule, such as HCl, HBr, HI, or HOH, is split out or eliminated from adjacent carbons
A rule that states that it is not possible for a bridgehead carbon of a bicyclic system to possess a carbon carbon double bond if it involves a trans p bond being incorporated in a ring comprised of fewer than eight atoms.
A polymer that is formed under conditions in which the monomers do not react directly with each other, but rather, each monomer is added to the growing chain, one at a time.
A shift of an equilibrium induced by an ion common to the equilibrium. For example, added Na2SO4 decreases the solubility of the slightly soluble salt BaSO4, or added NaF decreases the percent ionization of HF. (Section 17.1)
Polymerization in which molecules are joined together through condensation reactions. (Section 12.8)
The phenomenon of going from the gaseous state to the liquid state. (11.8)
Any three-dimensional arrangement of atoms in a molecule that results from rotation about a single bond.
Removal of !H and !X from adjacent carbons; a type of b-elimination
A compound with hydroxyl (!OH) groups on adjacent carbons.
A method for converting an alkene to an alcohol. The alkene is treated with borane (BH3) to give a trialkylborane, which is then oxidized with alkaline hydrogen peroxide to give an alcohol
Water repelling. The term is often used to describe a type of colloid. (Section 13.6)
A representation of covalent bonding in a molecule that is drawn using Lewis symbols. Shared electron pairs are shown as lines, and unshared electron pairs are shown as pairs of dots. Only the valence-shell electrons are shown. (Section 8.3)
On an aromatic ring, the C3 position.
The NO+ ion, which is formed when NaNO2 is treated with HCl.
A form of isomerism in which the two forms of a compound (stereoisomers) are nonsuperimposable mirror images. (Section 23.4)
resonance structures (resonance forms)
Individual Lewis structures in cases where two or more Lewis structures are equally good descriptions of a single molecule. The resonance structures in such an instance are “averaged” to give a more accurate description of the real molecule. (Section 8.6)
ribonucleic acid (RNA)
A polynucleotide in which ribose is the sugar component. (Section 24.10)
A process that involves the removal of a carbon atom from an aldose. The aldehyde group is first converted to a cyanohydrin, followed by loss of HCN in the presence of a base.
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