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Solutions for Chapter 1.1: Atoms, Electrons, and Orbitals
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
Refers to the capacity of a substance to either add or lose a proton 1H+2. (Section 16.2)
An acid that is not a proton donor; an acid that is an electron pair acceptor in a Lewis acid-base reaction.
The breaking of a bond, either homolytically or heterolytically. bond dissociation energy (Sect. 6.1): The energy required to achieve homolytic bond cleavage (generating radicals).
A temperature scale on which water freezes at 0° and boils at 100° at sea level. (Section 1.4)
A step in a chain reaction characterized by the formation of reactive intermediates (radicals, anions, or cations) from nonradical or noncharged molecules
concentration of a solution.
The amount of solute present in a given quantity of solvent or solution. (4.5)
In an acid-base reaction, the product that results when a base is protonated.
Structural isomers of coordination compounds in which the ligands within the coordination sphere differ. (Section 23.4)
A cyclic polyether derived from ethylene glycol and substituted ethylene glycols.
An intramolecular Claisen condensation.
The angle by which two groups are separated in a Newman projection.
For substituted cycloalkanes, a drawing style used to clearly identify which groups are above the ring and which groups are below the ring. (See also Sect. 4.14.)
homolitic bond cleavage
Bond breaking that results in the formation of unchanged species called radicals.
Radiation that has sufficient energy to remove an electron from a molecule, thereby ionizing it. (Section 21.9)
London dispersion forces
Attractive forces between transient dipole moments, observed in alkanes.
A particle found in the nucleus of an atom. (Section 21.1)
A reaction that occurs between substances in solution in which one of the products is insoluble. (Section 4.2)
A compound such as a phenol that selectively reacts with radicals to remove them from a chain reaction and terminate the chain
A process of reasoning backwards from a target molecule to a suitable set of starting materials.
Vibrational infrared region
A common type of spin-spin coupling involving the H atoms on two C atoms that are bonded to each other.
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