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Solutions for Chapter 1.1: Atoms, Electrons, and Orbitals

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9780073402741

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Solutions for Chapter 1.1: Atoms, Electrons, and Orbitals

Solutions for Chapter 1.1
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Chapter 1.1: Atoms, Electrons, and Orbitals includes 2 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, , edition: 9. Since 2 problems in chapter 1.1: Atoms, Electrons, and Orbitals have been answered, more than 7274 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Organic Chemistry, was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073402741.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • amphiprotic

    Refers to the capacity of a substance to either add or lose a proton 1H+2. (Section 16.2)

  • Aprotic acid

    An acid that is not a proton donor; an acid that is an electron pair acceptor in a Lewis acid-base reaction.

  • bond cleavage

    The breaking of a bond, either homolytically or heterolytically. bond dissociation energy (Sect. 6.1): The energy required to achieve homolytic bond cleavage (generating radicals).

  • Celsius scale

    A temperature scale on which water freezes at 0° and boils at 100° at sea level. (Section 1.4)

  • Chain initiation

    A step in a chain reaction characterized by the formation of reactive intermediates (radicals, anions, or cations) from nonradical or noncharged molecules

  • concentration of a solution.

    The amount of solute present in a given quantity of solvent or solution. (4.5)

  • conjugate acid

    In an acid-base reaction, the product that results when a base is protonated.

  • coordination-sphere isomers

    Structural isomers of coordination compounds in which the ligands within the coordination sphere differ. (Section 23.4)

  • Crown ether

    A cyclic polyether derived from ethylene glycol and substituted ethylene glycols.

  • Dieckmann cyclization

    An intramolecular Claisen condensation.

  • dihedral angle

    The angle by which two groups are separated in a Newman projection.

  • Haworth projection

    For substituted cycloalkanes, a drawing style used to clearly identify which groups are above the ring and which groups are below the ring. (See also Sect. 4.14.)

  • homolitic bond cleavage

    Bond breaking that results in the formation of unchanged species called radicals.

  • ionizing radiation

    Radiation that has sufficient energy to remove an electron from a molecule, thereby ionizing it. (Section 21.9)

  • London dispersion forces

    Attractive forces between transient dipole moments, observed in alkanes.

  • nucleon

    A particle found in the nucleus of an atom. (Section 21.1)

  • precipitation reaction

    A reaction that occurs between substances in solution in which one of the products is insoluble. (Section 4.2)

  • Radical inhibitor

    A compound such as a phenol that selectively reacts with radicals to remove them from a chain reaction and terminate the chain

  • Retrosynthesis

    A process of reasoning backwards from a target molecule to a suitable set of starting materials.

  • Vibrational infrared region

    A common type of spin-spin coupling involving the H atoms on two C atoms that are bonded to each other.

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