Solutions for Chapter 1.4: Double Bonds and Triple Bonds
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
Element in which the 5f orbitals are only partially occupied. (Section 6.8)
A solid whose molecular arrangement lacks the regularly repeating long- range pattern of a crystal. (Section 12.2)
The process whereby water spontaneously forms low concentrations of H+1aq2 and OH-1aq2 ions by proton transfer from one water molecule to another. (Section 16.3)
Difference in electrical potential between the anode and the cathode of a galvanic cell. (18.2)
Compound containing only carbon, chlorine, and fluorine.
An ionic compound that is formed upon treatment of a primary amine with NaNO2 and HCl.
A molecule with one end having a partial negative charge and the other end having a partial positive charge; a polar molecule. (Section 8.4)
A system to specify the confi guration of groups about a carbon-carbon double bond
From the Greek meaning electron loving. Any species that can accept a pair of electrons to form a new covalent bond; alternatively, a Lewis acid.
A twodimensional representation of a molecule; in these projections, groups on the right and left are by convention in front, while those at the top and bottom are to the rear.
An ion formed by the addition of an electron to a hydrogen atom: H-. (Section 7.7)
A reaction with water. When a cation or anion reacts with water, it changes the pH. (Sections 16.9 and 24.4)
An alloy in which smaller atoms fit into spaces between larger atoms. The larger atoms are metallic elements and the smaller atoms are typically nonmetallic elements. (Section 12.3)
Members of group 8A in the periodic table. (Section 7.8)
A system for naming organic compounds.
The ease with which the electron cloud of an atom or a molecule is distorted by an outside influence, thereby inducing a dipole moment. (Section 11.2)
A carbohydrate that is oxidized upon treatment with Tollens’ reagent, Fehling’s reagent, or Benedict’s reagent.
sigma (s) bond
A bond that is characterized by circular symmetry with respect to the bond axis.
A geometry adopted by an atom that has one lone pair and a steric number of 4.
Williamson ether synthesis
A general method for the synthesis of dialkyl ethers by an SN2 reaction between a haloalkane and an alkoxide ion.
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