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Solutions for Chapter 1.4: Double Bonds and Triple Bonds

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9780073402741

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Solutions for Chapter 1.4: Double Bonds and Triple Bonds

Solutions for Chapter 1.4
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This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, , edition: 9. Since 1 problems in chapter 1.4: Double Bonds and Triple Bonds have been answered, more than 31907 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 1.4: Double Bonds and Triple Bonds includes 1 full step-by-step solutions. Organic Chemistry, was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073402741.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • absolute temperature scale.

    A temperature scale that uses the absolute zero of temperature as the lowest temperature. (5.3)

  • actual yield.

    The amount of product actually obtained in a reaction. (3.10)

  • Azeotrope

    A liquid mixture of constant composition with a boiling point that is different from that of any of its components.

  • barometer

    An instrument that measures atmospheric pressure. (5.2)

  • bonding molecular orbital

    A molecular orbital in which the electron density is concentrated in the internuclear region. The energy of a bonding molecular orbital is lower than the energy of the separate atomic orbitals from which it forms. (Section 9.7)

  • chain-growth polymer

    A polymer that is formed under conditions in which the monomers do not react directly with each other, but rather, each monomer is added to the growing chain, one at a time.

  • Cyanohydrin

    A molecule containing an !OH group and a !CN group bonded to the same carbon.

  • Cycloaddition reaction

    A reaction in which two reactants add together in a single step to form a cyclic product. The best known of these is the Diels-Alder reaction

  • dehydration

    An elimination reaction involving the loss of H and OH.

  • Gibbs free energy change (DG°)

    The energy that dictates the position of chemical equilibria and rates of chemical reactions. A thermodynamic function of enthalpy, entropy, and temperature, given by the equation DG° 5 DH° 2 TDS°. If DG° , 0, the position of equilibria for the reaction favors products. If DG° . 0, the position of equilibria favors reactants.

  • Ground-state electron confi guration

    The lowest-energy electron confi guration for an atom or molecule.

  • malonic ester synthesis

    Asynthetic technique that enables the transformationof a halide into a carboxylic acid with theintroduction of two new carbon atoms.

  • osmotic pressure

    The pressure that must be applied to a solution to stop osmosis from pure solvent into the solution. (Section 13.5)

  • peroxides

    Compounds with the general structure R!O!O!R.

  • Polarimeter

    An instrument for measuring the ability of a compound to rotate the plane of plane-polarized light.

  • polysaccharides

    Polymers made up of repeating monosaccharide units linked together by glycoside bonds.

  • precipitate

    An insoluble substance that forms in, and separates from, a solution. (Section 4.2)

  • radical

    A chemical entity with an unpaired electron.

  • Radical cation

    A species formed when a neutral molecule loses one electron; it contains both an odd number of electrons and a positive charge.

  • Sigma (s) molecular orbital

    A molecular orbital in which electron density is concentrated between two nuclei, along the axis joining them, and is cylindrically symmetrical

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