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Solutions for Chapter 1.7: Structural Formulas of Organic Molecules
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
A substance that yields hydrogen ions (H1) when dissolved in water. (2.7)
antibonding molecular orbital.
A molecular orbital that is of higher energy and lower stability than the atomic orbitals from which it was formed. (10.6)
A polymer with completely random confi gurations at the chiral centers along its chain, as, for example, atactic polypropylene
The pressure exerted by Earth’s atmosphere. (5.2)
A chemical reaction in which two or more substances combine to form a single product. (Section 3.2)
Therange of all frequencies of electromagnetic radiation,which is arbitrarily divided into severalregions, most commonly by wavelength.
The numerical value of the equilibrium-constant expression for a system at equilibrium. The equilibrium constant is most usually denoted by Kp for gas-phase systems or Kc for solution-phase systems. (Section 15.2)
The mass of the collection of atoms represented by a chemical formula. For example, the formula weight of NO2 (46.0 amu) is the sum of the masses of one nitrogen atom and two oxygen atoms. (Section 3.3)
A bond that results from the force of attraction between two oppositely charged ions.
The SI unit of energy, 1 kg@m2 >s2. A related unit is the calorie: 4.184 J = 1 cal. (Section 5.1)
A monosaccharide that, when written as a Fischer projection, has the !OH on its penultimate carbon to the left.
An effect thatprevents the use of bases stronger than hydroxidewhen the solvent is water.
The lowest unoccupied molecular orbital.
A solid whose dimensions range from 1 to 100 nm and whose properties differ from those of a bulk material with the same composition. (Section 12.1)
A compound with molecular formula HONO.
A conformation in which a hydrogen atom and a leaving group are approximately coplanar.
A process that can go back and forth between states along exactly the same path; a system at equilibrium is reversible if equilibrium can be shifted by an infinitesimal modification of a variable such as temperature. (Section 19.1)
A bimolecular nucleophilic substitution reaction.
A term used to indicate that a certain volume of a compound will dissolve in a specified amount of a liquid at room temperature.
Groups that strongy deactivate an aromatic ring toward electrophilic aromatic substitution, thereby significantly decreasing the rate of the reaction.