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Solutions for Chapter 1.14: How Structure Affects Acid Strength
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
An organic compound that contains a carbonyl group 1C “O2 to which at least one hydrogen atom is attached. (Section 24.4)
A type of radioactive decay in which an atomic nucleus emits an alpha particle and thereby transforms (or “decays”) into an atom with a mass number 4 less and atomic number 2 less. (Section 21.1)
The basic unit of an element that can enter into chemical combination. (2.2)
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom of an element. (Section 2.3)
The energy gap between a fully occupied band called a valence band and an empty band called the conduction band. (Section 12.7)
A binary compound of carbon with a metal or metalloid. (Section 22.9)
Substance capable of conducting electric current. (21.3)
A symbol used to show the redistribution of valence electrons in resonance contributing structures or reactions, symbolizing movement of two electrons
A property of the electron that makes it behave as though it were a tiny magnet. The electron behaves as if it were spinning on its axis; electron spin is quantized. (Section 6.7)
An anion derived by loss of a hydrogen from a carbon alpha to a carbonyl group; the anion of an enol.
Any process with a negative DH (the system gives energy to the surroundings).
An orbital that results from the mixing of different kinds of atomic orbitals on the same atom. For example, an sp3 hybrid results from the mixing, or hybridizing, of one s orbital and three p orbitals. (Section 9.5)
A substance formed in one elementary step of a multistep mechanism and consumed in another; it is neither a reactant nor an ultimate product of the overall reaction. (Section 14.6)
Numbers of protons and neutrons that result in very stable nuclei. (Section 21.2)
A reaction in which the CRC bond of an alkene is cleaved to form two CRO bonds.
Pi (p) bond
A covalent bond formed by the overlap of parallel 2p orbitals.
Small molecules that are trapped between polymer chains where they function as lubricants, preventing the polymer from being brittle.
polyvinyl chloride, (PVC)
A polymer formed from the polymerization of vinyl chloride (H2CRCHCl).
A reaction that has a rate equation in which the sum of all exponents is two.
smectic liquid crystalline phase
A liquid crystal in which the molecules are aligned along their long axes and arranged in sheets, with the ends of the molecules aligned. There are several different kinds of smectic phases. (Section 12.8)