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Solutions for Chapter 1.14: How Structure Affects Acid Strength

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9780073402741

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Solutions for Chapter 1.14: How Structure Affects Acid Strength

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Organic Chemistry, was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073402741. Since 6 problems in chapter 1.14: How Structure Affects Acid Strength have been answered, more than 32273 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, , edition: 9. Chapter 1.14: How Structure Affects Acid Strength includes 6 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • aldehyde

    An organic compound that contains a carbonyl group 1C “O2 to which at least one hydrogen atom is attached. (Section 24.4)

  • alpha decay

    A type of radioactive decay in which an atomic nucleus emits an alpha particle and thereby transforms (or “decays”) into an atom with a mass number 4 less and atomic number 2 less. (Section 21.1)

  • atom.

    The basic unit of an element that can enter into chemical combination. (2.2)

  • atomic number

    The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom of an element. (Section 2.3)

  • band gap

    The energy gap between a fully occupied band called a valence band and an empty band called the conduction band. (Section 12.7)

  • carbide

    A binary compound of carbon with a metal or metalloid. (Section 22.9)

  • conductor.

    Substance capable of conducting electric current. (21.3)

  • Curved arrow

    A symbol used to show the redistribution of valence electrons in resonance contributing structures or reactions, symbolizing movement of two electrons

  • electron spin

    A property of the electron that makes it behave as though it were a tiny magnet. The electron behaves as if it were spinning on its axis; electron spin is quantized. (Section 6.7)

  • Enolate anion

    An anion derived by loss of a hydrogen from a carbon alpha to a carbonyl group; the anion of an enol.

  • exothermic

    Any process with a negative DH (the system gives energy to the surroundings).

  • hybrid orbital

    An orbital that results from the mixing of different kinds of atomic orbitals on the same atom. For example, an sp3 hybrid results from the mixing, or hybridizing, of one s orbital and three p orbitals. (Section 9.5)

  • intermediate

    A substance formed in one elementary step of a multistep mechanism and consumed in another; it is neither a reactant nor an ultimate product of the overall reaction. (Section 14.6)

  • magic numbers

    Numbers of protons and neutrons that result in very stable nuclei. (Section 21.2)

  • ozonolysis

    A reaction in which the CRC bond of an alkene is cleaved to form two CRO bonds.

  • Pi (p) bond

    A covalent bond formed by the overlap of parallel 2p orbitals.

  • plasticizers

    Small molecules that are trapped between polymer chains where they function as lubricants, preventing the polymer from being brittle.

  • polyvinyl chloride, (PVC)

    A polymer formed from the polymerization of vinyl chloride (H2CRCHCl).

  • second order

    A reaction that has a rate equation in which the sum of all exponents is two.

  • smectic liquid crystalline phase

    A liquid crystal in which the molecules are aligned along their long axes and arranged in sheets, with the ends of the molecules aligned. There are several different kinds of smectic phases. (Section 12.8)

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