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Solutions for Chapter 3.2: Conformational Analysis of Butane

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9780073402741

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Solutions for Chapter 3.2: Conformational Analysis of Butane

Solutions for Chapter 3.2
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Since 2 problems in chapter 3.2: Conformational Analysis of Butane have been answered, more than 28179 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 3.2: Conformational Analysis of Butane includes 2 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, , edition: 9. Organic Chemistry, was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073402741. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • 1,4-adduct

    The product obtained from 1,4-addition across a conjugated p system.

  • Activating group

    Any substituent on a benzene ring that causes the rate of electrophilic aromatic substitution to be greater than that for benzene.

  • alcohol

    A compound that possesses a hydroxyl group (OH).

  • bond length

    The distance between the centers of two bonded atoms. (Section 8.3)

  • Bonding molecular orbital

    A molecular orbital in which electrons have a lower energy than they would in isolated atomic orbitals

  • Carboxyl group (Section 1.3D)

    A !COOH group.

  • Delocalization

    The spreading of electron density over a larger volume of space.

  • enthalpy of formation

    The enthalpy change that accompanies the formation of a substance from the most stable forms of its component elements. (Section 5.7)

  • functional group

    A characteristic group of atoms/bonds that possess a predictable chemical behavior.

  • group

    Elements that are in the same column of the periodic table; elements within the same group or family exhibit similarities in their chemical behavior. (Section 2.5)

  • internal energy

    The total energy possessed by a system. When a system undergoes a change, the change in internal energy, ?E, is defined as the heat, q, added to the system, plus the work, w, done on the system by its surroundings: ?E = q + w. (Section 5.2)

  • Michael acceptor

    The electrophile in a Michael reaction.

  • N-bromosuccinimide

    A reagent used for allylic bromination to avoid a competing reaction in which bromine adds across the p bond.

  • sp-hybridized

    Atomic orbitals that are achieved by mathematically averaging one s orbital with only one p orbital to form two hybridized atomic orbitals.

  • spin-pairing energy

    The energy required to pair an electron with another electron occupying an orbital. (Section 23.6)

  • superimposable

    Two objects that are identical.

  • Synstereoselective

    The addition of atoms or groups of atoms to the same face of a carbon-carbon double bond.

  • Thermodynamic control

    Experimental conditions that permit the establishment of equilibrium between two or more products of a reaction. The composition of the product mixture is determined by the relative stabilities of the products.

  • Thermoplastic

    A polymer that can be melted and molded into a shape that is retained when it is cooled.

  • VSEPR theory

    Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion theory, which can be used to predict the geometry around an atom.

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