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Solutions for Chapter 3.5: Small Rings: Cyclopropane and Cyclobutane

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9780073402741

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Solutions for Chapter 3.5: Small Rings: Cyclopropane and Cyclobutane

Solutions for Chapter 3.5
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This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, , edition: 9. Chapter 3.5: Small Rings: Cyclopropane and Cyclobutane includes 1 full step-by-step solutions. Since 1 problems in chapter 3.5: Small Rings: Cyclopropane and Cyclobutane have been answered, more than 34390 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Organic Chemistry, was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073402741.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Alkaloid

    A basic nitrogen-containing compound of plant origin, many of which are physiologically active when administered to humans.

  • angstrom

    A common non-SI unit of length, denoted Å, that is used to measure atomic dimensions: 1Å = 10-10 m. (Section 2.3)

  • anti-coplanar

    A conformation in which a hydrogen atom and a leaving group are separated by a dihedral angle of exactly 180°.

  • chemistry

    The scientific discipline that studies the composition, properties, and transformations of matter. (Chapter 1: Introduction)

  • dipole moment

    A measure of the separation and magnitude of the positive and negative charges in polar molecules. (Section 8.4)

  • electron affinity

    The energy change that occurs when an electron is added to a gaseous atom or ion. (Section 7.5)

  • elementary reaction

    A process in a chemical reaction that occurs in a single step. An overall chemical reaction consists of one or more elementary reactions or steps. (Section 14.6)

  • fracking

    The practice in which water laden with sand and other materials is pumped at high pressure into rock formations to release natural gas and other petroleum materials. (Section 18.4)

  • haloalkane

    An organic compound containing at least one halogen.

  • Homotopic groups

    Atoms or groups on an atom that give an achiral molecule when one of the groups is replaced by another group. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of propane, for example, are homotopic. Replacing either one of them with deuterium gives 2-deuteropropane, which is achiral. Homotopic groups have identical chemical shifts under all conditions

  • hydronium ion 1H3O+2

    The predominant form of the proton in aqueous solution. (Section 16.2)

  • Hydrophilic

    From the Greek, meaning water-loving.

  • meta

    On an aromatic ring, the C3 position.

  • mole fraction

    The ratio of the number of moles of one component of a mixture to the total moles of all components; abbreviated X, with a subscript to identify the component. (Section 10.6)

  • orbital

    An allowed energy state of an electron in the quantum mechanical model of the atom; the term orbital is also used to describe the spatial distribution of the electron. An orbital is defined by the values of three quantum numbers: n, l, and ml (Section 6.5)

  • Organic synthesis

    A series of reactions by which a set of organic starting materials is converted to a more complicated structure.

  • polycarbonates

    Polymers that are similar in structure to polyesters but with repeating carbonate groups (!O!CO2!) instead of repeating ester groups (!CO2!). polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

  • Raman spectroscopy

    A vibrational molecular spectroscopy that is complementary to infrared (IR) spectroscopy in that infrared inactive vibrations are seen in Raman spectroscopy.

  • saponification

    The base-catalyzed hydrolysis of an ester. This method is used to make soap.

  • Unsaturated hydrocarbon

    A hydrocarbon containing one or more carbon-carbon double or triple bonds. The three classes of unsaturated hydrocarbons are alkenes, alkynes, and arenes

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