Solutions for Chapter 3.8: Axial and Equatorial Bonds in Cyclohexane
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
A substance that is an H+ acceptor; a base produces an excess of OH-1aq2 ions when it dissolves in water. (Section 4.3)
Carbonyl group (Section 1.3C)
A C"O group.
When signal splitting occurs in NMR spectroscopy, the distance between the individual peaks of a signal.
dipole moment (m)
The amount of partial charge (d ) on either end of a dipole multiplied by the distance of separation (d): m=d × d
A conformation about a carboncarbon single bond in which the atoms or groups on one carbon are as close as possible to the atoms or groups on an adjacent carbon.
The measure of disorder associated with a system.
Any process with a negative DH (the system gives energy to the surroundings).
An equation for either an oxidation or a reduction that explicitly shows the electrons involved, for example, Zn2 + 1aq2 + 2 e- ¡ Zn1s2. (Section 20.2)
A hydrogen atom with two electrons in its valence shell; H:!
A carbohydrate that contains a ketone group.
lambda max (lmax)
In UVVis spectroscopy, the wavelength of maximum absorption.
The energy required to separate completely the ions in an ionic solid. (Section 8.2)
A common name for a thiol; that is, any compound that contains an -SH (sulfhydryl) group
Bonding, usually in solid metals, in which the bonding electrons are relatively free to move throughout the three-dimensional structure. (Section 8.1)
A carbohydrate that cannot be hydrolyzed to a simpler carbohydrate.
The NO+ ion, which is formed when NaNO2 is treated with HCl.
the number of degrees through which a compound rotates the plane of polarized light
A term describing a consideration that must be taken into account for a reaction in which two or more constitutional isomers can be formed.
A process by which one or more compounds are removed from a mixture of organic compounds, based on a difference in solubility and/or acid-base properties.
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