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Solutions for Chapter 3.14: Polycyclic Ring Systems
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
The product obtained when the aldehyde group of an aldose is reduced.
A disordered, noncrystalline region in the solid state of a polymer.
A polymer with completely random confi gurations at the chiral centers along its chain, as, for example, atactic polypropylene
A self-contained electrochemical power source that contains one or more voltaic cells. (Section 20.7)
A polydentate ligand that is capable of occupying two or more sites in the coordination sphere. (Section 23.3)
A representation of a chemical reaction using the chemical formulas of the reactants and products; a balanced chemical equation contains equal numbers of atoms of each element on both sides of the equation. (Section 3.1)
The 3D spatial orientation of the groups connected to a chirality center (R or S ) or of the groups in a stereoisiomeric alkene (E or Z).
When signal splitting occurs in NMR spectroscopy, the distance between the individual peaks of a signal.
Therange of all frequencies of electromagnetic radiation,which is arbitrarily divided into severalregions, most commonly by wavelength.
A substance consisting of atoms of the same atomic number. Historically defined as a substance that cannot be separated into simpler substances by chemical means. (Sections 1.1 and 1.2)
A compound containing two carbon-carbon p bonds that are separated by two or more s bonds.
An electron-pair donor. (Section 16.11)
An analytical technique for measuring the mass-to-charge ratio (m/z) of ions.
parts per million (ppm)
The concentration of a solution in grams of solute per 106 (million) grams of solution; equals milligrams of solute per liter of solution for aqueous solutions. (Section 13.4)
The row of elements that lie in a horizontal row in the periodic table. (Section 2.5)
A term used to indicate that exactly one alkyl group is attached directly to a particular position. For example, a primary carbocation has one alkyl group (not more) attached directly to the electrophilic carbon atom (C+).
Primary (1°) amine
An amine in which nitrogen is bonded to one carbon and two hydrogens
A process in which heat converts a mineral in an ore from one chemical form to another and eventually to the free metal. (Section 23.2)
A material that has electrical conductivity between that of a metal and that of an insulator. (Section 12.7)
Compounds containing a mercapto group (SH).