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Solutions for Chapter 3.15: Heterocyclic Compounds

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9780073402741

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Solutions for Chapter 3.15: Heterocyclic Compounds

Solutions for Chapter 3.15
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This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, , edition: 9. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 3.15: Heterocyclic Compounds includes 1 full step-by-step solutions. Organic Chemistry, was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073402741. Since 1 problems in chapter 3.15: Heterocyclic Compounds have been answered, more than 34366 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • alkynes.

    Hydrocarbons that contain one or more carbon-carbon triple bonds. They have the general formula CnH2n22, where n 5 2,3, . . . . (24.2)

  • Aprotic solvent

    A solvent that cannot serve as a hydrogen-bond donor; nowhere in the molecule is there a hydrogen bonded to an atom of high electronegativity. Common aprotic solvents are dichloromethane, diethyl ether, and dimethyl sulfoxide

  • Arrhenius equation

    An equation that relates the rate constant for a reaction to the frequency factor, A, the activation energy, Ea, and the temperature, T: k = Ae-Ea>RT. In its logarithmic form it is written ln k = -Ea>RT + ln A. (Section 14.5)

  • Carboxylic acid

    A compound containing a carboxyl, !COOH, group.

  • colloid.

    A dispersion of particles of one substance (the dispersed phase) throughout a dispersing medium made of another substance. (12.8)

  • Dipeptide

    A molecule containing two amino acid units joined by a peptide bond

  • disulfide

    A compound with the structure R!S!S!R.

  • first law of thermodynamics

    A statement that energy is conserved in any process. One way to express the law is that the change in internal energy, ?E, of a system in any process is equal to the heat, q, added to the system, plus the work, w, done on the system by its surroundings: ?E = q + w. (Section 5.2)

  • functional group

    An atom or group of atoms that imparts characteristic chemical properties to an organic compound. (Section 24.1)

  • halogenation

    A reaction that involves the addition of X2 (either Br2 or Cl2) across an alkene.

  • hydrogen abstraction

    In radical reactions, a type of arrow-pushing pattern in which a hydrogen atom is abstracted by a radical, generating a new radical.

  • hydrogen bonding

    A special type of dipole-dipole interaction that occurs between an electronegative atom and a hydrogen atom that is connected to another electronegative atom.

  • l sugar

    A carbohydrate for which the chirality center farthest from the carbonyl group will have an OH group pointing to the left in the Fischer projection.

  • N-glycoside

    The product obtained when a monosaccharide is treated with an amine in the presence of an acid catalyst.

  • oligomers

    During the polymerization process, compounds constructed from just a few monomers.

  • Pauli exclusion principle

    No more than two electrons may be present in an orbital. If two electrons are present, their spins must be paired

  • peptide bond

    A bond formed between two amino acids. (Section 24.7)

  • quartet

    In NMR spectroscopy, a signal that is comprised of four peaks.

  • saturated

    A compound that contains no p bonds.

  • VSEPR theory

    Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion theory, which can be used to predict the geometry around an atom.

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