- 3.3.20: Give the IUPAC names of each of the following alkanes.
- 3.3.21: Sight down the C-2 C-3 bond, and draw Newman projection formulas fo...
- 3.3.22: One of the staggered conformations of 2-methylbutane in 3.21b is mo...
- 3.3.23: Sketch an approximate potential energy diagram for rotation about t...
- 3.3.24: Repeat 3.23 for the case of 2-methylbutane.
- 3.3.25: Identify all atoms that are (a) anti and (b) gauche to bromine in t...
- 3.3.26: Even though the methyl group occupies an equatorial site, the confo...
- 3.3.27: Which do you expect to be the more stable conformation of cis-1,3- ...
- 3.3.28: Determine whether the two structures in each of the following pairs...
- 3.3.29: Select the compounds in each group that are isomers and specify whe...
- 3.3.30: Excluding compounds that contain methyl or ethyl groups, write stru...
- 3.3.31: In each of the following groups of compounds, identify the one with...
- 3.3.32: Ambroxol is a drug used to treat bronchopulmonary disease. NH2 N H ...
- 3.3.33: Write a structural formula for the most stable conformation of each...
- 3.3.34: Identify the more stable stereoisomer in each of the following pair...
- 3.3.35: One stereoisomer of 1,1,3,5-tetramethylcyclohexane is 15 kJ/mol (3....
- 3.3.36: The heats of combustion of the more and less stable stereoisomers o...
- 3.3.37: One of the following two stereoisomers is 20 kJ/mol (4.9 kcal/mol) ...
- 3.3.38: Oxidation of 4-tert-butylthiane proceeds according to the equation ...
- 3.3.39: Biological oxidation of hydrocarbons is a commonly observed process...
- 3.3.40: The following are representations of two forms of glucose. The six-...
- 3.3.41: A typical steroid skeleton is shown along with the numbering scheme...
- 3.3.42: Repeat 3.41 for the stereoisomeric steroid skeleton having a cis ri...
- 3.3.43: (a) Write Newman projections for the gauche and anti conformations ...
- 3.3.44: The furanose and pyranose forms of d-ribose are: A. Conformational ...
- 3.3.45: What is the orientation of the OH groups at C-2 and C-3 in the pyra...
- 3.3.46: The OH groups at C-2 and C3 in the pyranose form of d-ribose are: A...
- 3.3.47: All of the OH groups of the pyranose form of d-xylose are equatoria...
- 3.3.48: The carbohydrate shown here is a component of a drug used in veteri...
- 3.3.49: What are the O C(1) C(2) O and O C(2) C(3) O torsion (dihedral) ang...
Solutions for Chapter 3: Alkanes and Cycloalkanes: Conformations and cistrans Stereoisomers
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
Solutions for Chapter 3: Alkanes and Cycloalkanes: Conformations and cistrans StereoisomersGet Full Solutions
Any substituent on a benzene ring that causes the rate of electrophilic aromatic substitution to be greater than that for benzene.
A compound that contains at least one amino group and at least one carboxyl group. (25.3)
Polyhydroxy aldehydes or ketones with molecular formula CxH2xOx.
Any substituent on a benzene ring that causes the rate of electrophilic aromatic substitution to be lower than that for benzene.
The transition of an electron in a transition-metal compound from a lower-energy d orbital to a higher-energy d orbital. (Section 23.6)
The ability to do work.
A form of magnetism in which unpaired electron spins on different-type ions point in opposite directions but do not fully cancel out. (Section 23.1)
The catalyst system and conditions of temperature and pressure developed by Fritz Haber and coworkers for the formation of NH3 from H2 and N2. (Section 15.2)
A measure of the strength of an acid: Ka = Keq 3H2O4 = 3H3O+ 4 3A- 4 3HA4
The energy that an object possesses by virtue of its motion. (Section 5.1)
A Lewis base bonded to a metal atom in a coordination compound. It may bond strongly or weakly.
limiting reactant (limiting reagent)
The reactant present in the smallest stoichiometric quantity in a mixture of reactants; the amount of product that can form is limited by the complete consumption of the limiting reactant. (Section 3.7)
The mass of the collection of atoms represented by the chemical formula for a molecule. (Section 3.3)
A device that uses strong magnetic and electrostatic fields to accelerate charged particles. (Section 21.3)
A characteristic that gives a sample of matter its unique identity. (Section 1.1)
A term used to indicate that a certain volume of a compound will dissolve in a specified amount of a liquid at room temperature.
A polymer with alternating R and S confi gurations at the chiral centers along its chain, as, for example, syndiotactic polypropylene
Tertiary (3°) amine
An amine in which nitrogen is bonded to three carbons
In IR spectroscopy, the location of each signal is reported in terms of this frequency-related unit.
Reduction of the C"O group of an aldehyde or ketone to a CH2 group using hydrazine and a base. Ylide (Section 16.6)