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Solutions for Chapter 4.1: Functional Groups

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9780073402741

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Solutions for Chapter 4.1: Functional Groups

Solutions for Chapter 4.1
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Organic Chemistry, was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073402741. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 4.1: Functional Groups includes 2 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, , edition: 9. Since 2 problems in chapter 4.1: Functional Groups have been answered, more than 34142 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • acidic oxide (acidic anhydride)

    An oxide that either reacts with a base to form a salt or with water to form an acid. (Section 22.5)

  • addition polymers

    Polymers that are formed via cationic addition, anionic addition, or free-radical addition.

  • amidomalonate synthesis

    A synthetic method that employs diethyl acetamidomalonate as the starting material and enables the preparation of racemic a-amino acids.

  • Aromatic amine

    An amine in which nitrogen is bonded to one or more aryl groups.

  • bent

    A type of geometry resulting from an sp3-hybridized atom that has two lone pairs. For example, the oxygen atom in H2O.

  • Bimolecular reaction

    A reaction in which two species are involved in the rate-determining step.

  • Conformation

    Any three-dimensional arrangement of atoms in a molecule that results from rotation about a single bond.

  • critical temperature

    The highest temperature at which it is possible to convert the gaseous form of a substance to a liquid. The critical temperature increases with an increase in the magnitude of intermolecular forces. (Section 11.4)

  • Curved arrow

    A symbol used to show the redistribution of valence electrons in resonance contributing structures or reactions, symbolizing movement of two electrons

  • Edman degradatio

    A method for selectively cleaving and identifying the N-terminal amino acid of a polypeptide chain.

  • Gilman reagent

    A lithium dialkyl cuprate (R2CuLi).

  • Homolytic bond cleavage

    Cleavage of a bond so that each fragment retains one electron; formation of radicals.

  • hybrid orbital

    An orbital that results from the mixing of different kinds of atomic orbitals on the same atom. For example, an sp3 hybrid results from the mixing, or hybridizing, of one s orbital and three p orbitals. (Section 9.5)

  • hydrolysis

    A reaction with water. When a cation or anion reacts with water, it changes the pH. (Sections 16.9 and 24.4)

  • Living polymer

    A polymer chain that continues to grow without chain-termination steps until either all of the monomer is consumed or some external agent is added to terminate the chain. The polymer chains will continue to grow if more monomer is added.

  • polyprotic acid

    A substance capable of dissociating more than one proton in water; H2SO4 is an example. (Section 16.6)

  • rad

    A measure of the energy absorbed from radiation by tissue or other biological material; 1 rad = transfer of 1 * 10-2 J of energy per kilogram of material. (Section 21.9)

  • regiochemistry

    A term describing a consideration that must be taken into account for a reaction in which two or more constitutional isomers can be formed.

  • Thermoplastic

    A polymer that can be melted and molded into a shape that is retained when it is cooled.

  • twist boat

    A conformation of cyclohexane that is lower in energy than a boat conformation but higher in energy than a chair conformation.

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