Solutions for Chapter 4.3: IUPAC Nomenclature of Alcohols
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
The compound CH2"C"CH2. Any compound that contains adjacent carbon-carbon double bonds; that is, any molecule that contains a C"C"C functional group.
In mass spectrometry, the tallest peak in the spectrum, which is assigned a relative value of 100%.
A form of carbon produced when wood is heated strongly in a deficiency of air. (Section 22.9)
A three-dimensional shape that can be adopted by a compound as a result of rotation about single bonds.
A substance formed by addition of a proton to a Brønsted–Lowry base. (Section 16.2)
The amount of fissionable material necessary to maintain a nuclear chain reaction. (Section 21.7)
Theresulting net attraction between two dipoles.
Electrophilic aromatic substitution
A reaction in which there is substitution of an electrophile, E1, for a hydrogen on an aromatic ring
Gibbs free energy (G)
The ultimate arbiter of the spontaneity of a reaction, where DG = DH - T DS.
heterolytic bond cleavage
Bond breaking that results in the formation of ions.
An OH group.
A homogeneous alloy with definite properties and a fixed composition. Intermetallic compounds are stoichiometric compounds that form between metallic elements. (Section 12.3)
A carbohydrate that contains a ketone group.
mean free path
The average distance traveled by a gas molecule between collisions. (Section 10.8)
An assembly of a metal ion and the Lewis bases bonded to it. (Section 23.2)
Polymers of high molecular weight that carry genetic information and control protein synthesis. (Section 24.10)
A method of electron book-keeping in which all bonds are treated as if they were purely ionic.
A bond formed between two amino acids. (Section 24.7)
A process of reasoning backwards from a target molecule to a suitable set of starting materials.
The process by which water molecules move under high pressure through a semipermeable membrane from the more concentrated to the less concentrated solution. (Section 18.4)
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