- 220.127.116.11: Carbocations are key intermediates in petroleum refining. Of partic...
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- 22.214.171.124: For the general case of R = any alkyl group, how many bonded pairs ...
Solutions for Chapter 4.9: Structure, Bonding, and Stability of Carbocations
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
A compound that possesses a hydroxyl group (OH).
An organic compound obtained by substituting a hydroxyl group 1¬OH2 for a hydrogen on a hydrocarbon. (Sections 2.9 and 24.4)
An elementary reaction that involves two molecules. (Section 14.6)
A series of reactions in which one reaction initiates the next. (Section 21.7)
A compound containing a metal ion bonded to a group of surrounding molecules or ions that act as ligands. (Section 23.2)
delocalized molecular orbitals.
Molecular orbitals that are not confined between two adjacent bonding atoms but actually extend over three or more atoms. (10.8)
A compound that rotates plane-polarized light in a clockwise direction (+).
dipole moment (m)
The amount of partial charge (d ) on either end of a dipole multiplied by the distance of separation (d): m=d × d
A reaction in which an element reacts with a compound, displacing an element from it. (Section 4.4)
A reaction in which the reaction rate is proportional to the concentration of a single reactant, raised to the first power. (Section 14.4)
A fi ve-membered cyclic form of a monosaccharide.
The heat evolved in a given process can be expressed as the sum of the heats of several processes that, when added, yield the process of interest. (Section 5.6)
High-resolution mass spectrometry
Instrumentation that is capable of separating ions that differ in mass by as little as 0.0001 amu
The total energy possessed by a system. When a system undergoes a change, the change in internal energy, ?E, is defined as the heat, q, added to the system, plus the work, w, done on the system by its surroundings: ?E = q + w. (Section 5.2)
A chemical equation in which the formula for each substance is written without regard for whether it is an electrolyte or a nonelectrolyte. (Section 4.2)
Refers to groups occupying l,4-positions on a benzene ring
polar aprotic solvent
A solvent that lacks hydrogen atoms connected directly to an electronegative atom.
polyvinyl chloride, (PVC)
A polymer formed from the polymerization of vinyl chloride (H2CRCHCl).
root-mean-square (rms) speed 1M2
The square root of the average of the squared speeds of the gas molecules in a gas sample. (Section 10.7)
Hydrolysis of an ester in the presence of a base. (Section 24.4)
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