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Solutions for Chapter 4.15: Structure and Stability of Free Radicals
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
alkaline earth metals
Members of group 2A in the periodic table. (Section 7.7)
The generally larger formation constants for polydentate ligands as compared with the corresponding monodentate ligands. (Section 23.3)
A representation of a chemical reaction using the chemical formulas of the reactants and products; a balanced chemical equation contains equal numbers of atoms of each element on both sides of the equation. (Section 3.1)
A three-dimensional shape that can be adopted by a compound as a result of rotation about single bonds.
The potential energy between two ions is directly proportional to the product of their charges and inversely proportional to the distance between them. (9.3)
free induction decay
In NMR spectroscopy, a complex signal which is a combination of all of the electrical impulses generated by each type of proton.
A voltaic cell that utilizes the oxidation of a conventional fuel, such as H2 or CH4, in the cell reaction. (Section 20.7)
The general name given to a group of polysaccharides of glucose that are synthesized in mammals and used to store energy from carbohydrates. (Section 24.7)
The SI unit of energy, 1 kg@m2 >s2. A related unit is the calorie: 4.184 J = 1 cal. (Section 5.1)
Structural isomers of coordination compounds in which a ligand differs in its mode of attachment to a metal ion. (Section 23.4)
A group of molecules arranged in a sphere such that the surface of the sphere is comprised of polar groups, rendering the micelle water soluble.
nematic liquid crystalline phase
A liquid crystal in which the molecules are aligned in the same general direction, along their long axes, but in which the ends of the molecules are not aligned. (Section 11.7)
nuclear disintegration series
A series of nuclear reactions that begins with an unstable nucleus and terminates with a stable one; also called a radioactive series. (Section 21.2)
The product formed when a nucleoside is coupled to a phosphate group
Biological damage caused by photosensitizers, light, and oxygen, used to kill tumor and other cells.
A measure of the biological damage caused by radiation; rems = rads * RBE. (Section 21.9)
An ether (R!O!R) where both R groups are identical.
An addition reaction in which two groups are added to the same face of a p bond.
For alkenes, a stereodescriptor that indicates that the two priority groups are on the same side of the p bond.
Z (Section 5.2C)
From the German, zusammen, meaning opposite. Specifi es that groups of higher priority on the carbons of a double bond are on the same side
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