- 220.127.116.11: How many alkenes have the molecular formula C5H10? Write their stru...
- 18.104.22.168: Are cis-2-hexene and trans-3-hexene stereoisomers? Explain.
Solutions for Chapter 5.3: Isomerism in Alkenes
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
The lowest attainable temperature; 0 K on the Kelvin scale and -273.15 °C on the Celsius scale. (Section 1.4)
Hydrocarbons containing one or more carbon–carbon triple bonds. (Section 24.2)
The transfer of reactivity of an endgroup from one chain to another during a polymerization
A law stating that at constant pressure, the volume of a given quantity of gas is proportional to absolute temperature. (Section 10.3)
Alkanes whose carbon atoms are joined in rings. (24.2)
An eliminationreaction in which the leaving group only leavesafter deprotonation occurs. This process occurs atthe end of an aldol condensation.
heat of reaction
The heat given off during a reaction.
Any b-elimination that occurs preferentially to give the less substituted alkene as the major product.
A carbohydrate for which the chirality center farthest from the carbonyl group will have an OH group pointing to the left in the Fischer projection.
Phosphoglycerides thatcontain choline.
The study of which frequencies of radiation are absorbed or emitted by a particular substance and the correlation of these frequencies with details of molecular structure.
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy
A spectroscopic technique that gives information about the number and types of atoms in a molecule, for example, hydrogens (1 H!NMR) and carbons (13C!NMR)
A reaction in which the CRC bond of an alkene is cleaved to form two CRO bonds.
Pi (p) bond
A covalent bond formed by the overlap of parallel 2p orbitals.
Small molecules that are trapped between polymer chains where they function as lubricants, preventing the polymer from being brittle.
A measure of the ease of distortion of the distribution of electron density about an atom or group in response to interaction with other molecules or ions. Fluorine which has a high electronegativity and holds its electrons tightly, has a very low polarizability. Iodine, which has a lower electronegativity and holds its electrons less tightly, has a very high polarizability.
Resonance in NMR spectroscopy
The absorption of electromagnetic radiation by a precessing nucleus and the resulting “fl ip” of its nuclear spin from the lower energy state to the higher energy state.
A covalent bond involving one electron pair. (Section 8.3)
A process that is capable of proceeding in a given direction, as written or described, without needing to be driven by an outside source of energy. A process may be spontaneous even though it is very slow. (Section 19.1)
A name that is assigned using the rules of IUPAC nomenclature.