- 22.214.171.124: How many alkenes have the molecular formula C5H10? Write their stru...
- 126.96.36.199: Are cis-2-hexene and trans-3-hexene stereoisomers? Explain.
Solutions for Chapter 5.3: Isomerism in Alkenes
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
A reaction in which two atoms or groups of atoms react with a double bond, forming a compound with the two new groups bonded to the carbons of the original double bond.
Two or more forms of the same element that differ significantly in chemical and physical properties. (2.6)
A conformation in which a hydrogen atom and a leaving group are separated by a dihedral angle of exactly 180°.
A polyaromatic amide; a polymer in which the monomer units are an aromatic diamine and an aromatic dicarboxylic acid
A high-energy intermediate formed during the elimination-addition reaction that occurs between chlorobenzene and either NaOH (at high temperature) or NaNH2.
A positively charged ion. (Section 2.7)
Center of symmetry
A point so situated that identical components of an object are located on opposite sides and equidistant from that point along any axis passing through it.
A form of magnetism in which unpaired electron spins on different-type ions point in opposite directions but do not fully cancel out. (Section 23.1)
From the Greek, mono 1 meros, meaning single part. The simplest nonredundant unit from which a polymer is synthesized.
A series of reactions by which a set of organic starting materials is converted to a more complicated structure.
The ratio of the actual (experimental) yield of a product to its theoretical (calculated) yield, multiplied by 100. (Section 3.7)
Primary structure of nucleic acids
The sequence of bases along the pentose-phosphodiester backbone of a DNA or RNA molecule read from the 5’ end to the 3’ end
Lipids that contain 20 carbon atoms and are characterized by a five-membered ring with two side chains.
A mixture of equal amounts of the dextrorotatory and levorotatory forms of a chiral molecule. A racemic mixture will not rotate the plane of polarized light. (Section 23.4)
reducing agent, or reductant
The substance that is oxidized and thereby causes the reduction of some other substance in an oxidation–reduction reaction. (Section 20.1)
A reaction that can produce two or more constitutional isomers but nevertheless produces one as the major product.
Resonance in NMR spectroscopy
The absorption of electromagnetic radiation by a precessing nucleus and the resulting “fl ip” of its nuclear spin from the lower energy state to the higher energy state.
A compound that contains no p bonds.
A polymerization in which chain growth occurs in a stepwise manner between difunctional monomers as, for example, between adipic acid and hexamethylenediamine to form nylon 66. Also called condensation polymerization.
A rule stating that the major product of a b-elimination reaction is the most stable alkene; that is, it is the alkene with the greatest number of substituents on the carboncarbon double bond