- 18.104.22.168: How many alkenes have the molecular formula C5H10? Write their stru...
- 22.214.171.124: Are cis-2-hexene and trans-3-hexene stereoisomers? Explain.
Solutions for Chapter 5.3: Isomerism in Alkenes
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
An electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction in which an aryldiazonium salt reacts with an activated aromatic ring.
The number of bonding electron pairs shared between two atoms, minus the number of antibonding electron pairs: bond order = (number of bonding electrons - number of antibonding electrons)/2. (Section 9.7)
A process in which a substance (or substances) is changed into one or more new substances. (3.7)
A monosaccharide that, when written as a Fischer projection, has the !OH on its penultimate carbon to the right.
Stereoisomers that are not mirror images of one another.
Refers to the steric strain arising from interaction between an axial substituent and an axial hydrogen (or other group) on the same side of a chair conformation of a cyclohexane ring
A compound containing an electron-deficient atom that is capable of accepting a pair of electrons.
In Diels-Alder reactions that produce bicyclic structures, the positions that are anti to the larger bridge.
Fischer esterifi cation
The process of forming an ester by refl uxing a carboxylic acid and an alcohol in the presence of an acid catalyst, commonly H2SO4, ArSO3H, or HCl
Matter that has no fixed volume or shape; it conforms to the volume and shape of its container. (Section 1.2)
Electrically charged atom or group of atoms (polyatomic ion); ions can be positively or negatively charged, depending on whether electrons are lost (positive) or gained (negative) by the atoms. (Section 2.7)
A Lewis base bonded to a metal atom in a coordination compound. It may bond strongly or weakly.
The percent of a substance that undergoes ionization on dissolution in water. The term applies to solutions of weak acids and bases. (Section 16.6)
An acid that is a proton donor in an acidbase reaction.
A constant of proportionality between the reaction rate and the concentrations of reactants that appear in the rate law. (Section 14.3)
An applied magnetic fi eld causes the p electrons of an aromatic ring to circulate, giving rise to the so-called ring current and an associated magnetic fi eld that opposes the applied fi eld in the middle of the ring but reinforces the applied fi eld on the outside of the ring.
A unimolecular nucleophilic substitution reaction.
In IR spectroscopy, when two bonds are stretching in phase with each other.
Transfer RNA (tRNA
A ribonucleic acid that carries a specifi c amino acid to the site of protein synthesis on ribosomes
In NMR spectroscopy, a signal that is comprised of three peaks.