- 184.108.40.206: Write structural formulas and give the IUPAC names for all the alke...
- 220.127.116.11: Standard enthalpies of formation are known for all 17 isomeric C6H1...
- 18.104.22.168: Arrange the following alkenes in order of decreasing stability: 1-p...
- 22.214.171.124: Despite numerous attempts, the alkene 3,4-di-tert-butyl-2,2,5,5-tet...
- 126.96.36.199: Write structural formulas for the six isomeric alkenes of molecular...
Solutions for Chapter 5.6: Relative Stabilities of Alkenes
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
A substituent lacking p bonds and comprised of only carbon and hydrogen atoms.
An estimate of the size of an atom. See bonding atomic radius. (Section 7.3)
axis of symmetry
An axis about which a compound possesses rotational symmetry.
A reaction in which a ketone is treated with a peroxy acid and is converted into an ester via the insertion of an oxygen atom.
A shift of an equilibrium induced by an ion common to the equilibrium. For example, added Na2SO4 decreases the solubility of the slightly soluble salt BaSO4, or added NaF decreases the percent ionization of HF. (Section 17.1)
A cyclohexene resulting from the cycloaddition reaction of a diene and a dienophile.
A compound containing an electron-deficient atom that is capable of accepting a pair of electrons.
Any process with a positive DG.
A reaction in which the Gibbs free energy of the products is higher than that of the reactants. The position of equilibrium for an endergonic reaction favors starting materials
A process in which a carboxylic acid is converted into an ester when treated with an alcohol in the presence of an acid catalyst.
A reaction that involves the participation of ions as reactants, intermediates, or products.
isoelectric point (pI)
For an amino acid, the specific pH at which the concentration of the zwitterionic form reaches its maximum value.
A model of enzyme action in which the substrate molecule is pictured as fitting rather specifically into the active site on the enzyme. It is assumed that in being bound to the active site, the substrate is somehow activated for reaction. (Section 14.7)
An SH group.
The ratio of the number of moles of one component of a mixture to the total moles of all components; abbreviated X, with a subscript to identify the component. (Section 10.6)
In NMR spectroscopy, a technique in which only the one-bond couplings are observed. CH3 groups appear as quartets, CH2 groups appear as triplets, CH groups appear as doublets, and quaternary carbon atoms appear as singlets.
A compound that contains a carbon-metal bond.
A group derived by removing an H from benzene; abbreviated C6H5! or Ph!.
S (Section 3.3
From the Latin, sinister, left; used in the R,S convention to show that the order of priority of groups on a chiral center is counterclockwise
A reaction that obeys conservation of orbital symmetry.