Solutions for Chapter 5.9: Dehydration of Alcohols
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
A dicarboxylic acid that is produced when an aldose or ketose is treated with a strong oxidizing agent, such as HNO3.
A polymer with completely random confi gurations at the chiral centers along its chain, as, for example, atactic polypropylene
Cis, trans isomers
Stereoisomers that have the same connectivity but a different arrangement of their atoms in space as a result of the presence of either a ring or a carboncarbon double bond.
A molecule containing an !S!S! group
A measure of the exchange of energy between the system and its surroundings during any process.
enthalpy of reaction
The enthalpy change associated with a chemical reaction. (Section 5.4)
A form of magnetism in which unpaired electron spins align parallel to one another. (Section 23.1)
A barbed curved arrow used to show the change in position of a single electron.
The number of valence electrons in an isolated atom minus the number of electrons assigned to the atom in the Lewis structure. (Section 8.5)
A compound of the type CHX3 where X is a halogen.
Hückel criteria for aromaticity
To be aromatic, a monocyclic compound must have one 2p orbital on each atom of the ring, be planar or nearly so, and have (4n 1 2) p electrons in the cyclic arrangement of 2p orbitals
A homogeneous alloy with definite properties and a fixed composition. Intermetallic compounds are stoichiometric compounds that form between metallic elements. (Section 12.3)
A compound composed of cations and anions. (Section 2.7)
A chemical equation in which the formula for each substance is written without regard for whether it is an electrolyte or a nonelectrolyte. (Section 4.2)
An organic compound containing at least one halogen.
A device that uses strong magnetic and electrostatic fields to accelerate charged particles. (Section 21.3)
A C6H5 group.
An electrically charged group of two or more atoms. (Section 2.7)
A carbohydrate that reacts with an oxidizing agent to form an aldonic acid. In this reaction, the carbohydrate reduces the oxidizing agent.
The conversion of an aryl diazonium salt into fluorobenzene upon treatment with fluoroboric acid (HBF4).
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