- 188.8.131.52: Write the structures of all the alkenes that can be formed by dehyd...
- 184.108.40.206: Write structural formulas for all the alkenes that can be formed in...
Solutions for Chapter 5.14: Dehydrohalogenation of Alkyl Halides
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
activation energy (Ea).
The minimum amount of energy required to initiate a chemical reaction. (13.4)
Compounds with a carbonyl functional group and the general formula RCHO, where R is an H atom, an alkyl, or an aromatic group. (24.4)
A carbohydrate that contains an aldehyde group.
A carboxylic acid that contains an amino 1¬NH22 group attached to the carbon atom adjacent to the carboxylic acid 1¬COOH2 functional group. (Section 24.7)
colloids (colloidal dispersions)
Mixtures containing particles larger than normal solutes but small enough to remain suspended in the dispersing medium. (Section 13.6)
The highest temperature at which it is possible to convert the gaseous form of a substance to a liquid. The critical temperature increases with an increase in the magnitude of intermolecular forces. (Section 11.4)
Reactions in which two p systems are joined together in a way that forms a ring. In the process, two p bonds are converted into two s bonds.
Theresulting net attraction between two dipoles.
Proteins that consist of linear chains that are bundled together.
The number of times per second that one complete wavelength passes a given point. (Section 6.1)
A Lewis base bonded to a metal atom in a coordination compound. It may bond strongly or weakly.
limiting reactant (limiting reagent)
The reactant present in the smallest stoichiometric quantity in a mixture of reactants; the amount of product that can form is limited by the complete consumption of the limiting reactant. (Section 3.7)
A reaction in which a nucleophile attacks a conjugated p system, resulting in a 1,4-addition.
A compound in which one or more OH groups, and possibly additional oxygen atoms, are bonded to a central atom. (Section 16.10)
The amide linkage by which two amino acids are coupled together to form peptides.
The arrangement of elements in order of increasing atomic number, with elements having similar properties placed in vertical columns. (Section 2.5)
A high-energy species formed between two successive reaction steps, that lies in an energy minimum between the two transition states
Reactions that utilize copper salts (CuX) and enable the installation of a halogen or a cyano group on an aromatic ring.
Groups that strongly activate an aromatic ring toward electrophilic aromatic substitution, thereby significantly enhancing the rate of the reaction.
An ester of glycerol with three fatty acids