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Solutions for Chapter 6.4: Electrophilic Addition of Hydrogen Halides to Alkenes
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
The product obtained when the aldehyde group of an aldose is oxidized.
A monosaccharide containing an aldehyde group
A solid whose molecular arrangement lacks the regularly repeating long- range pattern of a crystal. (Section 12.2)
An array of closely spaced molecular orbitals occupying a discrete range of energy. (Section 12.4)
Covalent hydrides of boron. (Section 22.11)
In 13C NMR spectroscopy, a technique in which all 13C!1H splitting is suppressed with the use of two rf transmitters.
A system that enables the exchange of energy (usually in the form of heat) but not mass with its surroundings. (6.2)
A spectrum that contains radiation distributed over all wavelengths. (Section 6.3)
Dalton’s law of partial pressures
A law stating that the total pressure of a mixture of gases is the sum of the pressures that each gas would exert if it were present alone. (Section 10.6)
The expression that describes the relationship among the concentrations (or partial pressures) of the substances present in a system at equilibrium. The numerator is obtained by multiplying the concentrations of the substances on the product side of the equation, each raised to a power equal to its coefficient in the chemical equation. The denominator similarly contains the concentrations of the substances on the reactant side of the equation. (Section 15.2)
The energy released when 1 g of a substance is combusted. (Section 5.8)
Elements in the s and p blocks of the periodic table. (Section 6.9)
A simple sugar, most commonly containing six carbon atoms. The joining together of monosaccharide units by condensation reactions results in formation of polysaccharides. (Section 24.8)
nematic liquid crystalline phase
A liquid crystal in which the molecules are aligned in the same general direction, along their long axes, but in which the ends of the molecules are not aligned. (Section 11.7)
polar covalent bond
A bond in which the difference in electronegative values of the two atoms is between 0.5 and 1.7.
A nuclear decay process where a positron, a particle with the same mass as an electron but with a positive charge, symbol 0+1e, or b+ is emitted from the nucleus. (Section 21.1)
A starting substance in a chemical reaction; it appears to the left of the arrow in a chemical equation. (Section 3.1)
Matter that has both a definite shape and a definite volume. (Section 1.2)
The distribution among various wavelengths of the radiant energy emitted or absorbed by an object. (Section 6.3)
The threedimensional shape of a protein.