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Solutions for Chapter 6.10: Addition of Halogens to Alkenes
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
A reaction that achieves the addition of water across a double bond in the presence of an acid catalyst.
Bond dipole moment
A measure of the polarity of a covalent bond. The product of the charge on either atom of a polar bond times the distance between the atoms
A nuclear reactor that produces more fissionable materials than it uses. (19.5)
The amount of fissionable material necessary to maintain a nuclear chain reaction. (Section 21.7)
enthalpy of formation
The enthalpy change that accompanies the formation of a substance from the most stable forms of its component elements. (Section 5.7)
A reaction in which a proton and a hydroxyl group (OH) are added across a p bond.
The attractive forces between molecules.
A process that cannot be reversed to restore both the system and its surroundings to their original states. Any spontaneous process is irreversible. (Section 19.1)
metallic elements (metals)
Elements that are usually solids at room temperature, exhibit high electrical and heat conductivity, and appear lustrous. Most of the elements in the periodic table are metals. (Sections 2.5 and 12.1)
A chain comprised of a small number of amino acid residues.
A substance produced in a chemical reaction; it appears to the right of the arrow in a chemical equation. (Section 3.1)
An equation that relates the reaction rate to the concentrations of reactants (and sometimes of products also). (Section 14.3)
The conversion of a ketone or aldehyde into an imine under conditions in which the imine is reduced as soon as it is formed, giving an amine.
A process that can go back and forth between states along exactly the same path; a system at equilibrium is reversible if equilibrium can be shifted by an infinitesimal modification of a variable such as temperature. (Section 19.1)
A measure of the salt content of seawater, brine, or brackish water. It is equal to the mass in grams of dissolved salts present in 1 kg of seawater. (Section 18.3)
Ions that go through a reaction unchanged and that appear on both sides of the complete ionic equation. (Section 4.2)
In IR spectroscopy, atype of vibration that generally produces a signal in the diagnostic region of an IR spectrum.
The sulfur analog of an ether; a molecule containing a sulfur atom bonded to two carbon atoms. Sulfi des are also called thioethers
The study of the energy of chemical structures.
An ether(R!O!R) where the two R groups are notidentical.