Solutions for Chapter 6.10: Addition of Halogens to Alkenes

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9780073402741

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Solutions for Chapter 6.10: Addition of Halogens to Alkenes

Solutions for Chapter 6.10
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Organic Chemistry, was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073402741. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 6.10: Addition of Halogens to Alkenes includes 2 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, , edition: 9. Since 2 problems in chapter 6.10: Addition of Halogens to Alkenes have been answered, more than 10960 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • alkaline earth metals.

    The Group 2A elements (Be, Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba, and Ra). (2.4)

  • alkynes

    Compounds containing a carbon-carbon triple bond.

  • Anomers

    Carbohydrates that differ in confi guration only at their anomeric carbons.

  • autoionization

    The process whereby water spontaneously forms low concentrations of H+1aq2 and OH-1aq2 ions by proton transfer from one water molecule to another. (Section 16.3)

  • bromohydrin

    A compound containing a Br group and a hydroxyl group (OH) on adjacent carbon atoms.

  • Chromatography

    A separation method involving passing a vapor or solution mixture through a column packed with a material with different affi nities for different components of the mixture.

  • deshielded

    In NMR spectroscopy,protons or carbon atoms whose surrounding electron density is poor.

  • deuterium

    The isotope of hydrogen whose nucleus contains a proton and a neutron: 2 1H. (Section 22.2)

  • epimer

    Diastereomers that differ from each other in the configuration of only one chirality center.

  • Lindlar catalyst

    Finely powdered palladium metal deposited on solid calcium carbonate that has been specially modifi ed with lead salts. Its particular use is as a catalyst for the reduction of an alkyne to a cis alkene

  • Markovnikov’s rule

    In the addition of HX, H2O, or ROH to an alkene, hydrogen adds to the carbon of the double bond having the greater number of hydrogens.

  • molecular-orbital diagram

    A diagram that shows the energies of molecular orbitals relative to the atomic orbitals from which they are derived; also called an energy-level diagram. (Section 9.7)

  • Nonbonding electrons

    Valence electrons not involved in forming covalent bonds. Also called unshared pairs or lone pairs.

  • Phenol

    A compound that contains an !OH bonded to a benzene ring; a benzenol.

  • Primary structure of proteins

    The sequence of amino acids in the polypeptide chain, read from the N-terminal amino acid to the C-terminal amino acid.

  • quaternary ammonium salt

    An ionic compound containing a positively charged nitrogen atom connected to four alkyl groups.

  • reducing agent

    A compound that reduces another compound and in the process is itself oxidized. Sodium borohydride and lithium aluminum hydride are reducing agents.

  • sp Hybrid orbitaL

    A hybrid atomic orbital formed by the combination of one s atomic orbital and one 2p atomic orbital.

  • spectrum

    The distribution among various wavelengths of the radiant energy emitted or absorbed by an object. (Section 6.3)

  • Wohl degradation

    A process that involves the removal of a carbon atom from an aldose. The aldehyde group is first converted to a cyanohydrin, followed by loss of HCN in the presence of a base.

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