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Solutions for Chapter 6.11: Epoxidation of Alkenes
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
An elimination reaction in which a proton from the beta (b) position is removed together with the leaving group, forming a double bond.
A !CH2CH"CH2 group.
alpha (a) amino acid
A compound containing a carboxylic acid group (COOH) as well as an amino group (NH2), both of which are attached to the same carbon atom.
Refers to the capacity of a substance to either add or lose a proton 1H+2. (Section 16.2)
A polymer that contains a large number of branches connected to the main chain of the polymer.
The area of chemistry concerned with the speeds, or rates, at which chemical reactions occur. (Chapter 14: Introduction)
Orbitals that have the same energy.
Stereoisomers that are nonsuperposable mirror images of each other; refers to a relationship between pairs of objects
Matter that has no fixed volume or shape; it conforms to the volume and shape of its container. (Section 1.2)
A compound containing a halogen atom and a hydroxyl group on adjacent carbons; those containing Br and OH are bromohydrins, and those containing Cl and OH are chlorohydrins.
A method for converting an alkene to an alcohol. The alkene is treated with borane (BH3) to give a trialkylborane, which is then oxidized with alkaline hydrogen peroxide to give an alcohol
One that occurs at constant temperature. (Section 19.1)
Elements in the s and p blocks of the periodic table. (Section 6.9)
The change in specifi c rotation that occurs when an a or b hemiacetal form of a carbohydrate in aqueous solution is converted to an equilibrium mixture of the two forms.
Biological damage caused by photosensitizers, light, and oxygen, used to kill tumor and other cells.
Properties that can be measured without changing the composition of a substance, for example, color and freezing point. (Section 1.3)
The most common isotope of hydrogen. (Section 22.2)
The threedimensional conformations of localized regions of a protein, including helices and b-pleated sheets.
Secondary structure of nucleic acids
The ordered arrangement of nucleic acid strands
solubility-product constant (solubility product)1Ksp2
An equilibrium constant related to the equilibrium between a solid salt and its ions in solution. It provides a quantitative measure of the solubility of a slightly soluble salt. (Section 17.4)