Solutions for Chapter 6.14: Free-Radical Polymerization of Alkenes
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
The product obtained from 1,4-addition across a conjugated p system.
acidic anhydride (acidic oxide)
An oxide that forms an acid when added to water; soluble nonmetal oxides are acidic anhydrides. (Section 22.5)
A solid that lacks a regular three-dimensional arrangement of atoms or molecules. (11.7)
A compound containing a planar ring of continuously overlapping p orbitals with 4n+2p electrons.
A binary compound of carbon with a metal or metalloid. (Section 22.9)
Acids that contain the carboxyl group —COOH. (24.4)
A compound containing two adjacent p bonds.
Loss of CO2 from a carboxyl group.
A force that becomes significant when polar molecules come in close contact with one another. The force is attractive when the positive end of one polar molecule approaches the negative end of another. (Section 11.2)
The arrangement of electrons in an atom or molecule. (Chapter 6:Introduction)
The equilibrium established between substances in two or more different phases, for example, between a gas and a solid or between a solid and a liquid. (Section 15.4)
A process that cannot be reversed to restore both the system and its surroundings to their original states. Any spontaneous process is irreversible. (Section 19.1)
A term that refers to the rate of a reaction.
A model of enzyme action in which the substrate molecule is pictured as fitting rather specifically into the active site on the enzyme. It is assumed that in being bound to the active site, the substrate is somehow activated for reaction. (Section 14.7)
The specifi c rotation of a mixture of enantiomers divided by the specifi c rotation of the enantiomerically pure substance (expressed as a percent). Optical purity is numerically equal to enantiomeric excess, but experimentally determined.
Part per million (ppm)
Units used on NMR spectra to record chemical shift relative to the TMS standard.
The row of elements that lie in a horizontal row in the periodic table. (Section 2.5)
S (Section 3.3
From the Latin, sinister, left; used in the R,S convention to show that the order of priority of groups on a chiral center is counterclockwise
A compound containing an SRO bond that is flanked on both sides by R groups.
A method for converting a carbonyl group into a methylene group (CH2) under basic conditions.
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