Solutions for Chapter 7.11: Chiral Molecules with Two Chirality Centers

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9780073402741

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Solutions for Chapter 7.11: Chiral Molecules with Two Chirality Centers

Organic Chemistry, was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073402741. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, , edition: 9. Chapter 7.11: Chiral Molecules with Two Chirality Centers includes 4 full step-by-step solutions. Since 4 problems in chapter 7.11: Chiral Molecules with Two Chirality Centers have been answered, more than 12593 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • allotropes.

    Two or more forms of the same element that differ significantly in chemical and physical properties. (2.6)

  • amidomalonate synthesis

    A synthetic method that employs diethyl acetamidomalonate as the starting material and enables the preparation of racemic a-amino acids.

  • amino acid

    A compound containing a carboxylic acid group (COOH) as well as an amino group (NH2).

  • battery

    A self-contained electrochemical power source that contains one or more voltaic cells. (Section 20.7)

  • desulfurization

    The conversion of a thioacetal into an alkane in the presence of Raney nickel.

  • E2

    A bimolecular b-elimination reaction.

  • elastomers

    Polymers that return to their original shape after being stretched.

  • Enantiomeric excess (ee)

    The difference between the percentage of two enantiomers in a mixture

  • ester

    An organic compound that has an OR group attached to a carbonyl; it is the product of a reaction between a carboxylic acid and an alcohol. (Section 24.4)

  • frontier orbital theory

    The analysis of a reaction using MO theory, where only the frontier orbitals (HOMO and LUMO) are considered.

  • ignal splitting in NMR

    Spin-spin coupling with adjacent nuclei split NMR signals depending on the extent of coupling and the number of adjacent equivalent nuclei.

  • lattice vectors

    The vectors a, b, and c that define a crystal lattice. The position of any lattice point in a crystal can be represented by summing integer multiples of the lattice vectors. (Section 12.2)

  • meso compound

    A compound that possesses chirality centers and an internal plane of symmetry.

  • N terminus

    For a peptide chain,the end that contains the amino group.

  • nitrogen rule

    In mass spectrometry, an odd molecular weight indicates an odd number of nitrogen atoms in the compound, while an even molecular weight indicates either an even number of nitrogen atoms or the absence of nitrogen.

  • Optical purity

    The specifi c rotation of a mixture of enantiomers divided by the specifi c rotation of the enantiomerically pure substance (expressed as a percent). Optical purity is numerically equal to enantiomeric excess, but experimentally determined.

  • polyurethanes

    Polymers made up of repeating urethane groups, also sometimes called carbamate groups (!N!CO2!).

  • pyranose ring

    A six-membered cyclic hemiacetal form of a carbohydrate.

  • ribonucleic acid (RNA)

    A polynucleotide in which ribose is the sugar component. (Section 24.10)

  • staggered conformation

    A conformation in which nearby groups in a Newman projection have a dihedral angle of 60°.

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