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Solutions for Chapter 7.14: Reactions That Produce Diastereomers

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9780073402741

Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition | ISBN: 9780073402741 | Authors: Francis A Carey Dr., Robert M. Giuliano

Solutions for Chapter 7.14: Reactions That Produce Diastereomers

Solutions for Chapter 7.14
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Organic Chemistry, was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073402741. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 2 problems in chapter 7.14: Reactions That Produce Diastereomers have been answered, more than 36794 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, , edition: 9. Chapter 7.14: Reactions That Produce Diastereomers includes 2 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • acylium ion

    The resonancestabilized, cationic intermediate of a Friedel-Crafts acylation, formed by treating an acyl halide with aluminum trichloride.

  • alpha (a) anomer

    The cyclic hemiacetal of an aldose in which the hydroxyl group at the anomeric position is trans to the CH2OH

  • conjugate acid-base pair.

    An acid and its conjugate base or a base and its conjugate acid. (15.1)

  • conjugate base

    A substance formed by the loss of a proton from a Brønsted–Lowry acid. (Section 16.2)

  • covalent bond

    A bond that results when two atoms share a pair of electrons.

  • crystallization.

    The process in which dissolved solute comes out of solution and forms crystals. (12.1)

  • delocalized electrons

    Electrons that are spread over a number of atoms in a molecule or a crystal rather than localized on a single atom or a pair of atoms. (Section 9.6)

  • Dipole-dipole interaction

    The attraction between the positive end of one dipole and the negative end of another.

  • electrophile

    A compound containing an electron-deficient atom that is capable of accepting a pair of electrons.

  • element

    A substance consisting of atoms of the same atomic number. Historically defined as a substance that cannot be separated into simpler substances by chemical means. (Sections 1.1 and 1.2)

  • haloform reaction

    A reaction in which a methyl ketone is converted into a carboxylic acid upon treatment with excess base and excess halogen, followed by aqueous acid.

  • Halohydrin

    A compound containing a halogen atom and a hydroxyl group on adjacent carbons; those containing Br and OH are bromohydrins, and those containing Cl and OH are chlorohydrins.

  • lattice vectors

    The vectors a, b, and c that define a crystal lattice. The position of any lattice point in a crystal can be represented by summing integer multiples of the lattice vectors. (Section 12.2)

  • optically active

    A compound that rotates plane-polarized light.

  • oxidation–reduction (redox) reaction

    A chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of certain atoms change. (Section 4.4; Chapter 20: Introduction)

  • Planck constant (h)

    The constant that relates the energy and frequency of a photon, E = hn. Its value is 6.626 * 10-34 J@s. (Section 6.2)

  • Polyester

    A polymer in which each monomer unit is joined to the next by an ester bond, as, for example, poly(ethylene terephthalate).

  • quantum

    The smallest increment of radiant energy that may be absorbed or emitted; the magnitude of radiant energy is hn. (Section 6.2)

  • resonance stabilization

    The stabilization associated with the delocalization of electrons via resonance.

  • trivalent

    An element, such as nitrogen, that forms three bonds.

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