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Solutions for Chapter 7.14: Reactions That Produce Diastereomers
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
The resonancestabilized, cationic intermediate of a Friedel-Crafts acylation, formed by treating an acyl halide with aluminum trichloride.
alpha (a) anomer
The cyclic hemiacetal of an aldose in which the hydroxyl group at the anomeric position is trans to the CH2OH
conjugate acid-base pair.
An acid and its conjugate base or a base and its conjugate acid. (15.1)
A substance formed by the loss of a proton from a Brønsted–Lowry acid. (Section 16.2)
A bond that results when two atoms share a pair of electrons.
The process in which dissolved solute comes out of solution and forms crystals. (12.1)
Electrons that are spread over a number of atoms in a molecule or a crystal rather than localized on a single atom or a pair of atoms. (Section 9.6)
The attraction between the positive end of one dipole and the negative end of another.
A compound containing an electron-deficient atom that is capable of accepting a pair of electrons.
A substance consisting of atoms of the same atomic number. Historically defined as a substance that cannot be separated into simpler substances by chemical means. (Sections 1.1 and 1.2)
A reaction in which a methyl ketone is converted into a carboxylic acid upon treatment with excess base and excess halogen, followed by aqueous acid.
A compound containing a halogen atom and a hydroxyl group on adjacent carbons; those containing Br and OH are bromohydrins, and those containing Cl and OH are chlorohydrins.
The vectors a, b, and c that define a crystal lattice. The position of any lattice point in a crystal can be represented by summing integer multiples of the lattice vectors. (Section 12.2)
A compound that rotates plane-polarized light.
oxidation–reduction (redox) reaction
A chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of certain atoms change. (Section 4.4; Chapter 20: Introduction)
Planck constant (h)
The constant that relates the energy and frequency of a photon, E = hn. Its value is 6.626 * 10-34 J@s. (Section 6.2)
A polymer in which each monomer unit is joined to the next by an ester bond, as, for example, poly(ethylene terephthalate).
The smallest increment of radiant energy that may be absorbed or emitted; the magnitude of radiant energy is hn. (Section 6.2)
The stabilization associated with the delocalization of electrons via resonance.
An element, such as nitrogen, that forms three bonds.