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Solutions for Chapter 7.15: Resolution of Enantiomers
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry, | 9th Edition
A substance that yields hydrogen ions (H1) when dissolved in water. (2.7)
The amount of product actually obtained in a reaction. (3.10)
The temperature at which the vapor pressure of a liquid is equal to the external atmospheric pressure. (11.8)
bonding atomic radius
The radius of an atom as defined by the distances separating it from other atoms to which it is chemically bonded. (Section 7.3)
continuous-wave (CW) spectrometer
An NMR spectrometer that holds the magnetic field constant and slowly sweeps through a range of rf frequencies, monitoring which frequencies are absorbed.
An imaginary network of points on which the repeating motif of a solid may be imagined to be laid down so that the structure of the crystal is obtained. The motif may be a single atom or a group of atoms. Each lattice point represents an identical environment in the crystal. (Section 12.2)
A situation in which two or more orbitals have the same energy. (Section 6.7)
The expression that describes the relationship among the concentrations (or partial pressures) of the substances present in a system at equilibrium. The numerator is obtained by multiplying the concentrations of the substances on the product side of the equation, each raised to a power equal to its coefficient in the chemical equation. The denominator similarly contains the concentrations of the substances on the reactant side of the equation. (Section 15.2)
A polyhydroxy aldehyde whose formula is CH2OH1CHOH24CHO; it is the most important of the monosaccharides. (Section 24.8)
A cyclic ester.
Structural isomers of coordination compounds in which a ligand differs in its mode of attachment to a metal ion. (Section 23.4)
A group of molecules arranged in a sphere such that the surface of the sphere is comprised of polar groups, rendering the micelle water soluble.
Molecular ion (M1)
The radical cation formed by removal of a single electron from a parent molecule in a mass spectrometer.
Points in an atom at which the electron density is zero. For example, the node in a 2s orbital is a spherical surface. (Section 6.6)
Light oscillating in only parallel planes.
An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of a particular phosphodiester bond within a DNA strand.
smectic liquid crystalline phase
A liquid crystal in which the molecules are aligned along their long axes and arranged in sheets, with the ends of the molecules aligned. There are several different kinds of smectic phases. (Section 12.8)
A unimolecular nucleophilic substitution reaction.
In radical reactions, a step in which two radicals are joined to give a compound with no unshared electrons.
A net neutral compound that exhibits charge separation. Amino acids exist as zwitterions at physiological pH.
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